Templates from They Say/ I Say by Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein
Introducing What “They Say” (page 23)
A number of _______ have recently suggested that _______.
It has become common today to dismiss _______.
In their recent work, Y and Z have offered harsh critiques of _______ for _______.
Introducing “Standard Views” (page 23-24)
Americans today tend to believe that _______.
Conventional wisdom has it that _______.
Common sense seems to dictate that _______.
The standard way of thinking about topic X has it that _______.
It is often said that _______.
My whole life I have heard it said that _______.
You would think that _______.
Many people assume that _______.
Making What “They Say” Something You Say (page 24-25)
I’ve always believed that _______.
When I was a child, I used to think that _______.
Although I should know better by now, I cannot help thinking that _______.
At the same time that I believe _______, I also believe _______.
Introducing Something Implied or Assumed (page 25)
Although none of them have ever said so directly, my teachers have often given
me the impression that _ ._
One implication of X’s treatment of _______ is that _______.
Although X does not say so directly, she apparently assumes that _______.
While they rarely admit as much, _______ often take for granted that _______.
Introducing an Ongoing Debate (page 25-28)
In discussions of X, one controversial issue has been _______. On the one hand,
_______ argues _______. On the other hand, _______ contends _______. Others
even maintain _______. My own view is that _______.
When it comes to the topic of _______, most of us will readily agree that _______.
Where this agreement usually ends, however, is on the question of _______.
Whereas some are convinced that _______, others maintain that _______.
In conclusion, then, as I suggested earlier, defenders of _______ can’t have it both
ways. Their assertion that _______ is contradicted by their claim that _______.
Capturing Authorial Action (page 38-40) X acknowledges that _______.
X agrees that _______.
X argues that _______.
X believes that _______.
X denies/does not deny that _______.
X claims that _______.
X concedes that _______.
X demonstrates that _______.
X celebrates the fact that _______.
Introducing Quotations (page 46)
X states “_______.”
As the prominent philosopher X puts it, “_______.”
According to X, “_______.”
X himself writes, “_______.”
In his/her book _______, X maintains that “_______.”
Writing in the journal _______, X complains that “_______.”
In X’s view, “_______.”
X agrees when he/she writes “_______.”
X disagrees when he writes, “_______.”
X complicates matters further when he writes, “_______.”
Explaining Quotations (page 46-47)
Basically, X is saying _______.
In other words, X believes _______.
In making the comment, X urges us to _______.
X’s point that _______.
The essence of X’s argument is that _______.
Disagreeing, With Reasons (page 60)
I think X is mistaken because they overlook _______.
X’s claim that _______ rests upon the questionable assumption that _______.
I disagree with X’s view that _______ because, as recent research has shown,
X contradicts her-himself/ can’t have it both ways. On the one hand, she argues
_______. On the other hand, she/he also says _______.
By focusing on _______, X overlooks the deeper problem of _______.
Agreeing – With a Difference (page 61-64)
I agree that _______ because my experience _______ confirms it.
X surely is right about _______ because, as she may not be aware, recent studies
have shown that _______.
X’s theory of _______ if extremely useful because it sheds insight on the difficult
problem of _______.
Those unfamiliar with this school of thought may be interested to know that it
basically boils down to _______. I agree that _______, a point that needs emphasizing since so many people
If group X is right that _______, as I think they are, then we need to reassess the
popular assumption that _______.
Agreeing and Disagreeing Simultaneously (page 64-66)
Although I agree with X up to a point, I cannot accept his overall conclusion that
Although I disagree with much that X says, I fully endorse their final conclusion that
Though I concede that _______, I still insist that _______.
Whereas X provides ample evidence that _______, Y and X’s research on
_______ and _______ convinces me that _______ instead.
X is right that _______, but they seem on more dubious ground when they claim
While X is probably wrong when they claim that _______, they are right that
I’m of two minds about X’s claim that _______. On the one hand, I agree that
_______. On the other hand, I’m not sure if _______.
My feelings on the issue are mixed. I do support X’s position that _______, but I
find Y’s argument about _______ and Z’s research on _______ to be equally
Signaling Who is Saying What (page 71-73)
X argues _______.
According to both X and Y, _______.
Politicians _______, X argues, should _______.
Most athletes will tell you that _______.
My own view, however, is that _______.
I agree, as X may not realize, that _______.
But _______ are real and, arguably, the most significant factor in _______.
But X is wrong that _______.
However, it is simply not true that _______.
Indeed, it is highly likely that _______.
X’s assertion that _______ does not fit the facts.
X is right that _______.
X is wrong that _______.
X is both right and wrong that _______.
Yet a sober analysis of the matter reveals _______.
Nevertheless, new research shows _______.
Anyone familiar with _______ should agree that _______.
Embedding Voice Markers (page 74-75)
X overlooks what I consider an important point about _______.
My own view is that what X insists is a _______ is in fact a _______. I wholeheartedly endorse what X calls _______.
These conclusions, which X discusses in _______, adds weight to the argument
Entertaining Objections (page 82)
At this point I would like to raise some objections that have been inspired by the
skeptic in me. She feels that I have been ignoring _______. “_______,” she says to
Yet some readers may challenge the view that _______.
Of course, may will probably disagree with this assertion that _______.
Naming Your Naysayers (page 83-84)
Here many _______ would probably object that _______.
But _______ would certainly take issue with the argument that _______.
_______, of course, may want to question whether _______.
Nevertheless, both followers and critics of _______ will probably argue that
Although not all _______ think alike, some of them will probably dispute my claim
_______ are s diverse in their view that its hard to generalize about them, but
some are likely to object on the ground that _