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Final

BIOL 110 Study Guide - Final Guide: Corpus Luteum, Germ Layer, Hox Gene


Department
Biology
Course Code
BIOL 110
Professor
Ted Ozersky
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 12 pages of the document.

Genetics 遗遗遗
 !"#$%!&'!(
)!&*!+,!-!.
DNA  
# 
. /0/
  &1&2$1$212(1(2!
$"#$3 
Genes"#$
  12
("#$
!
Alleles 
$12!
Chromosomes4
5%'!1),2
Homologous chromosomes3
612!
78!
%' 95
3!
Genotype 
!
Phenotype:;<
Autosomal chromosomes
Allosomes3
Karyotype ==

Genome 遗遗遗=%'
'
1%2
'*
>'*?%@'1A2B
=%'1),2
Somatic cells 12
Germiline cells 12  

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

  12
Pedigree

31C(2 
  12
Population12
;!
Ihheritance Types
D     
.   
D 
Genetic Application
$E&D1!!2
E!!!
C(E!
5 Types:
! A!
%! !
'! "F!1
33!2
)! !
*! !!
Main Biological Molecules(1)2/#1'2/G31%
2/C12
$1#C'2  3!
CE!
Cell Chemistry3
! (1(CG2→   12 
  12 12!!!

%! $1%!!!!2  1%
A2  1H%2 1I%2
1=2
'! #12→ "#$J#$!!!!!!
)! K→ !1&/
02
6!!( 

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Molecules Nucleotides Genes Proteins Cells
R-Side Chains:
&E12
$E
CE
Nucleotide mutations can (although not always) affect normal function.
$  . 
6 6 
Cell membrane12/

Eukaryotic nucleusJ#$
ER (Endoplasmic reticulum)63/.
12
Golgi1L2
Mitochondrion /
"#$/12
Lysosome  Ribosome 遗遗遗 Centromere 遗遗遗遗遗遗
The cell cycle:
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