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Classical Studies
CLST 100
Christina Zaccagnino

Weeks 16 Winter Classics 2013GeographyRome founded near River Tiber on Italian peninsulasurrounded by watero Allowed for irrigation aqueducts important for agriculture o Salt mines at mouth of River Tiber source of wealth important for dietsalt of the earthsalary comes from saltPeninsula shared by other Italic populations Etruscans Sabines Italic Hill Tribes etco Spoke separate languagessto Etruscan not spoken since 1 century AD but does not have to be deciphered Few Etruscan works remainEarly RomeRome founded in hilly areaeasy to defendEarly Roman settlements understood from archaeologyno textsLived in hutshutdepiction urns were commonly used to house ashes of the deceased The Foundation Myth of RomeRemus and RomulusAmulius and Numitor kings of Alba Longa Numitor had a daughter Rhea Silvia who was a priestess and vestal virgin meaning she couldnt marry or reproduceRhea had twins Remus and Romulus because Mars the God of war fell in love with herThe twins were ordered to be thrown into the River Tiber but the servant doing it left them at the edge of the riverTwins were found by a shewolf the Capitoline wolf and she suckled themThe twins were found by shepherds beside a fig tree near cave by Palatine hillFaustulus one of the shepherds and his wife Acca Larentia raised the twinsWhen they reached adulthood they wanted to found a city in the spot that they were found and saved To decide what to name the city Roma or Remora they both went to separate hills to look for the omens of flying birds Romulus had the better omenRemus lept the city walls and was killed by Romulus it was considered aggressive to enter the city this wayif he wanted to be friendly he would have entered via the gatesRomulus invited men exiledleft homelandsWomen were needed to populate future generations so they kidnapped and raped Sabine womenRomes birthday April 21at 753 BCEthe date calculated and commonly accepted according to Valerio Belli Greek BackgroundsFelt need for connection to nobler past as their own myth was violent and grossHercules was worshipped at Great Altar ara maxima in Rome Weeks 16 Winter Classics 2013o Cult started by Evander and the Arcadians after Hercules killed bandit Cacus who robbed the hero of the cattle of GeryonAeneas Trojan hero a link between Greek world and Romeso important that Vergil wrote his saga the Aeneid Aeneas SagaTrojan war escaped sack of Troy with his small son and his elderly father Anchises on his backconsidered a pious heroTravelled from TroySicilyCarthage Italy etc Sources for saga Hellanicus Naevius Ennius Fabius Pictoir Cato the Elder Vergil LevyAeneas arrived in Latium and became betrothed to Lavinia a local princess daughter of king Latinus she was previously betrothed to a local princeAeneas fought aborigines due to conflict with local princewas successful married Lavinia Aeneas founded the city Lavinium He wanted to found another city wanted to sacrifice a white sow but it ran away They found the pig who had just delivered 30 piglets He decided to wait 30 years due to a dream about this before founding the city where the pig delievered the piglets Aeneas died became a god and left his son Julus as successor 30 years later Alba Longa was foundedAlbafeminine form of white for white sowGens clan Julia claimed to be descendents of Aeneas Julia from his son Juluss nameFamous Gens JuliaCaius Julius Caesar Caius Octavius later Julius Caesar Octavianus later Augustus the first emperor Alba Longa was the city where Remus and Romulus were born hence the link between Greece and Rome The Seven Kings Rome a monarchy from 753510 BCIn order Romulus Numa Pompilius Sabine Tullus Hostilius Ancus Marcius Tarquinius Priscus Etruscan Servius Tullius Etruscan Tarquinnus Superbus The Arrogant EtruscanKings were people who were able to be influential enough to be recognized as leadersthey were first leaders of clansGens pl gentesClansPraenomen then Nomen then Cognomen if they had onepraenomenfirstgiven name nomenfamily name cognomennickname deeds achievements successes physical attributes
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