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Classics Vocab for Exam.docx

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

Classics Vocabulary for Final Exam Parilia (or Palilia) = festival in honour of the Alban Hills. Marked the beginning of fighting goddess of shepherds, Pales. It took place on season. It was the first responsibility of the April 21 – the day of the foundation of Rome. consuls, who offered a milk libation. A heifer Rituals included animal sacrifices and the ritual was sacrificed. cleaning of the Temple of Vesta. Ludi Romani = Roman festival dedicated to College of pontiffs = the priests responsible for Juno, Jupiter and Minerva. At the end of the regulating the calendar and intercalcating summer (5-19 September) – celebration of its additional day. close. Ultimus annus confusionis = lit. the last year of The Tarpeian rock = a rock from which the confusion – 46 BCE, the year lasted for 445 Romans would punish the criminals by pushing days. This was before Caesar created the Julian them off of it – no prison sentences in Rome – calendar to this day, adding January and prisons were for those waiting to die. February. Salutation = the time when clients would meet Kalends = 1 days of the month - new moon their masters in the morning to greet them. Nones = 5 /7 day of the month – quarter prima hora = First hour – about 7:00 am moon (waxing) sexta hora = Sixth hour – midday Ides = 13 /15 day of the month – full moon duodecima hora = Twelfth hour – hour before Nundinae = ninth day of the month. Markets sunset (before 6:00 pm) and market-days were strictly according to the Roman calendar. Romans had a “week” of 9 ante meridiem = am, before middle of the day) days, which corresponded to when markets post meridiem = pm (after middle of the day) happened. panem = bread Fasti Antiates = an incomplete pre-Caesarian, Republican calendar circenses = circuses Fastus: day on which civil and legal business Commode = Perks could be conducted Nefastus: day in which these activities were Ludi = festivals/games prohibited Comitales: public assemblies could convene and Harena = sand (root of the word “arena”) vote Factio = to indicate different (often political) Feriae = Holidays groups in Rome (the root of the word faction) Feriae Latinae = latin holidays. Held iIn honour of Jupiter Latiaris (god of the region Latium). Generally held in April on Mount Albanus in the siparum = a triangle sail put at the top of the Liberalia = festival in honour of Liber celebrated th mast on ships carrying grain. Only the cornfleet on March 17 (grain-carrying ships) is allowed to use this sail. Aventine Triad = Liber, Libera and Ceres Prandium = lunch Other Triad = Jupiter, Juno, Minerva Canopus = a dining place, which is built around a pool and at the far end has an area where the Tanit = Carthaginian goddess joined with Juno most important guests sit during dinner Stata Mater = Mother Set Firm Taberna (pl. tabernae) = taverns where people Lares (sing. Lar) = deities of the household could find food and wine prepared for them Lararium = Shrine of the household gods Herakles = Hercules was worshipped at the Great Altar (Ara Maximus) affinities with the Constantine = (306-337 AD), the first roman emperor to proclaim himself a Christian Pheonician god Melqart (phoenicians were the most important traders in the city) Monte Testaccio = The Hill of Pots, an artificial Romanitas = Romanness hill, made of the amphorae that contained oil that was imported from Spain, because it was Peregrini = foreigners not an easy job to reuse the amphorae Peculium = savings Nauis codicaria = barge Nummi = coins modius = corn-measure Salve Lucrum = welcome profit Mensor = corn measurer that measured the contents of a modis Manumission = process of making free a slave Libertus = freedman Forma Urbis = Ancient map of Rome showing warehouse Mithraeum = underground rooms used by the Porticus Aemilia = First place build completely cult of Mithras with concrete. Used to store grain. Openings in Bacchanalia = festival in honour of Bacchus. The the walls were important because of this, frenzy caused by this festival was also because air-circulation was very important frequently accompanied by crimes like murder or other offences etc. Romans wanted to have Horrea = warehouse control on the religion etc. 186 BCE, there was a Uilla rustica = farm villa Senatorial decree against the Bacchanalia Mercennarii = hired Liber = “the free one”, also called Liber Pater. A god also associated with wine. The cult was not Ager publicus = state-owned land characterized by such a frenzy as the Utilitas = profitability/usefulness Bacchanalia. Uoluptas = pleasure redemptor = public contractor Uirtuos = virtue Sigilla = small figures, seals Gloria = fame Terra = earth, soil, land Paterfamilias = head of the household Terra sigillata = lit. sealed clay, a type of pottery Patrimonium = family property Pius Aeneas = pious Aeneas; the example set by Aeneas that was followed by the head of the Fides = credit-worthiness family Liberalitas = liberality Pietas = respect Dignitas sumptuosa = costly status Penates = gods of the household; specifically Macellum = market hall the gods of the inner part of the house Nunfinae = markets (lit. ninth days) Lares = also the gods of the household Familia = household; also means family. (root of Nummularii = money-changers the word family) Argentaii = bankers (private citizens) Paterfamilias = father-of-the-household Coactores argentarii = money-lenders Patria potestas = authority of the father Negotiators = entrepreneurs Manus (lit. hand) = control/type of marriage Negotia gerunt/ negotiantur = they do deals Filiusfamilias = son-of-the-household, son-in- Negotia = business deals power. He couldn’t make a will, or inherit property but he might be allowed by the father Negotiator olearius = dealer in oil to establish a separate household and run agricultural estates. Permission HAD to be Negotiator uinarius = dealer in wine requested on such matters. publicani = tax farmers Iustum matrimonium = lawful marriage; Nauicularis = shippers marriage between two Roman citizens Mercantores = merchants Confarreatio = type of marriage. It was a religious ceremony. Offering of a special Garum = fish sauce wedding cake. A sacrifice had to be made. Ten Forum uinarium = the wine merchants market witnesses had to attend the ceremony. The wife passed to the manus of the husband. Forum piscatorium = fish market farreum = “made of spelt”, cake offered at Pistor = baker confarraetio weddings Coemptio = It was a fictional sale of a daughter. Lex Voconia = 169 BCE, women were banned The wife carried a dowry into the marriage. It from inheriting as heirs was extremely important, and in some periods fideicomissum = trust would have been extremely c
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