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CLST101A December Exam Review

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Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

CLST101 Exam Review Exam Details - 70 multiple-choice questions - 30 fill-in-the-blanks - 2 hours long Class 16 Athens Population Athens Citizens’ Obligations - Athenians considered themselves autochthonous  descendants of Ion son of Apollo and the Athenian queen Kreousa Oikos = household Kurios = male master Kureia = protection tutelage (kinship, slaves) Epikleros = heiress Kleros = property Class 17 Classical Weddings Eggue = betrothal - The bride is always given together with gifts, but the rules about these gifts can be very different. - The bride is given to the house of the husband in order to ensure a succession - The dowry is not given to the husband, but remains a possession of the wife until it is passed to her sons - The houses of the wife and the husband are now tied; there is a kinship between them, not just an alliance Hetairai = courtesans Pornai = prostitutes Pallakai = concubines Class 18 Homosexual Relations Erastes = older admirer /lover Eromenos = beloved Education Grammatistes = elementary teacher Grammata = letters of alphabet Khoros = dance/chorus paidotribes = sport trainer gymnasion (plu. gymnasia) = gymnastic school palaistra (plu. palaistrai) = wrestling school Sophists Sophistes = sage or wise man; by the end of the 5th cent. = Sophist - Itinerant professors of higher education - They were not a school or a single movement - Their writings are lost - They claimed to teach goodness and excellence Peitho = persuasion Class 19 Work Astunomoi = officials of civic order Agoranomoi = officials of the market Metronomoi = officials of weights and measures Sitophulakes = officials for grain supply Bottomry loan - First attested in 421 BCE Slavery Class 20 Metics Metoikos = metic Harbaros = foreign Prostates = patron Thracian Cult of Bendis Healthcare Hippokratic corpus: contains works and essays on various subjects in medicine. Death Epitaphioi = funeral speeches Time = honour Doxa = glory Class 21 Demokratia (the rule of the people) = democracy Isonomia = equal right of all citizens to exercise their political right Isegoria = equal rights to speak The “Persian Debate” Democracy (Otanes) vs Oligarchy (Megabyzos) vs Monarchy (Dareios) Ekklesia = Assembly Boule = Council of 500 Epistates = chairman of the prutaneis. He presided over meetings of the Assembly. Served for one day. Prutaneis = 50 members of the Boule, living in the Tholos, in charge 24/7, 365. They were drawn from a single tribe. Proedroi = they presided over meetings of the Council and the Assembly Nomoi = laws - After 403 BCE nomothetai (lawmakers) Bouletai = councilors Epistates = chairman of the boule Class 22 Arkhontes Arkhontes (archons) Strategos = military commander, 1 from each of the 10 new tribes Hellonotamiai Hellenotamiai = Ten Treasures of Athene Dokimasia = scrutiny Euthunai = audit, review The Eleven  legal punishment Astunomoi  streets and highways Agoranomoi  markets Metronomoi  measures Grammateis  secretaries to the Boule Kerux (pl. Kerukes) = Herald - The boule is to appoint eight kerukes to summon representatives from the cities, and ten taktai (managers) to list and assess the cities liable to tribute. The kerukes work under the orders of the taktai and the ekklesia. Presbeutes or Presbeus (pl. Presbeis) = Lt. elder, envoy Law-courts Dikasteria = jury-courts Dikastai = jurors Graphe = writ Graphe paranomon = writ concerning illegal proposal Dike = suit Sukophantes (pl. sukophantai) = vexatious litigants Class 23 Outlawry Atimia = deprivation of time (honour) Income and Expenditure Poletai = sellers – one from each of the 10 phylai Leitourgia (pl. leitourgiai) = liturgy Choregia = training and equipment of the chorus performing in dithyrambs, tragedies, and comedies in honour of Dionysus, Apollo, or Athena Antidosis = exchange of properties Eisphora (pl. eisphorai ) = property taxes generally levied when the state was at war Summoriai (tax syndacates) Grain Supply Sitophulakes = grain inspectors Athenian Empire Delian League Phoros = cash tribute (lit. burden) Class 24 Kleroukhoi = cleruchs Apoikoi = colonists Athens at War Ta sphagi
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