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Organizational Behavior Readings - Notes (1).docx

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Department
Commerce
Course
COMM 122
Professor
Prof.
Semester
Winter

Description
WhatisOrganizationalBehavior01082014DefiningOrganizationalBehaviororganizationalisafieldofstudythatlooksattheimpactthatndividualsgroupsandstructurehaveonbehaviorwithinorganizationsforthepurposeofapplyingsuchknowledgetowardimprovinganorganizationseffectivenessOBappliesequallywelltoallsituationsinwhichyouinteractwithothersrelevantanywherethatpeoplecometogetherandshareexperiencesworkongoalsormeettosolveproblemsorganizationsthatinvestinthedevelopmentofemployeesinterpersonalskillsaremorelikelytoattractandkeephighperformingemployeesorganizationisaconsciouslycoordinatedsocialunitmadeupofagroupofpeoplewhoworktogetheroncommongoalsonarelativelycontinualbasisBehaviorinOrganizationthemainbuildingblocksofOBarepsychologysociologysocialpsychologyanthropologyandpoliticalsciencepsychologycontributionsaremainlyindividualormicrolevelofanalysistheother4contributetounderstandingofmacroconceptssuchasgroupprocessesandorganizationplacedinsimilarsituationspeopledonotactalikehoweverthereareconsistenciesunderlyingthebehaviorofmostindividualsthatcanbeidentifiedandthenmodifiedtoreflectindividualdifferencesbehaviorisgenerallypredictableandthesystematicstudyofbehaviorisameanstomakingreasonablyaccuratepredictionssystematicstudymeanstolookatrelationshipsattemptingtoattributecausesandeffectsandbasingourconclusionsonscientificevidenceondatagatheredundercontrolledconditionsevidencebasedmanagementEBMcomplementssystematicstudybybasingmanagerialdecisionsonthebestavailablescientificevidencesystematicstudyandEBMaddtointuitionorthosegutfeelingsaboutwhatmakesothersandourselvesticktherearefewsimpleanduniversalprinciplesthatexplainsOBOBtakesacontignecyapproachwheretheymustconsiderbehaviorwithinthecontextthatitoccurstheiranswersdependuponthesituationHowWillKnowingOBMakeaDifferenceintheworkplacemanagingpeoplewellpaysoffandleadstogreaterorganizationalcommitmentorganizationcommitmentisthedegreetowhichanemployeeidentifieswiththeorganizationandwishestomaintainmembershipintheorganizationaffectivecommitmentdescribesthestrengthoftheindividualsemotionalattachmenttoidentificationwithandinvolvementintheorganizationasanindividualasateammemberitisimportanttoknowhowpersonalitydifferencesaffecttheabilityofpeopletoworktogetheryouneedtomotivatememberscreateamoreeffectiveteamorsolveconflictinateamstitgivesmoreinsightastohowtoworkwithotherandhowtopreparetobecomeemployersinthe21centuryworkplace3levelsofanalysisorganizationsystemsgroupandindividuallevelIndividualLevelEmployeesneedtolearnhowtoworkwithpeoplewhomaybedifferentfromthemselvesinavarietyofdimensionsincludingpersonalityvaluesperceptionandattitudesChallengesindividualdifferencesjobsatisfactionmotivationempowermentmanagersareputtingemployeesinchargebehavingethicallyfaceethicaldilemmasandchoicesrequiredtoidentifyrightandwrongconductethicsisthestudyofmoralvaluesthatguideourbehaviorandhelpsusdotherightthingGroupLevelthebehaviorofpeopleingroupsismorethanthesumtotalofalltheindividualsactingintheirownwaylearninghowtoworkwithpeopleleadstoaneedforgreatinterpersonalskillsChallengesworkingwithothersworkingdiversityacknowledgesaworkforceofwomenandmenavarietyofracialandethicalgroupsdifferinageandsexualorientationtoworkwellwithdifferentpeopleweneedtounderstandhowcultureshapesthemandlearntoadaptourinteractionstyleOrganizationalLevelOBbecomesmorecomplexthestructureoftheworkplaceischangingtheneedtodevelopeffectiveemployeesandtomanagehumanresourceissuesiscriticalChallengesimprovingcustomerservicestimulatinginnovationandchangetheuseoftemporarycontingentemployeesimprovedqualityandproductivityproductiveifitachievesitsgoalsbytransferringinputstooutputsatthelowestcostproductivityimpliesaconcernforbotheffectivenessandefficiencydevelopingeffectiveemployeesorganizationalcitizenshipbehaviorOCBdescribesdiscretionarybehaviorthatisnotpartofanemployeesformaljobrequirementsbutthatneverthelesspromotestheeffectivefunctioningoftheorganizationhelpingemployeeswithworklifebalancecreatingapositiveworkenvironmentpositiveorganizationalscholarshipstudieshoworganizationsdevelophumanstrengthsandunlockpotentialrespondingtoglobalization
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