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ENGL 100 Study Guide - Ernest Hemingway, Doggerel, Hyperbole

Course Code
ENGL 100
Laura Murray

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Section A: Literary Terms
Allegory: A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to
reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
Alliteration: The occurrence of the same letter or sound at
the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
Assonance: the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong
in non-rhyming stressed syllables (e.g., penitence, reticence).
Cadence: Balance of rhythmic flow
Connotation: The implication of such ideas or feelings.
Denouement: The final part of a play, movie, or narrative in
which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters
are resolved.
Diction: The choice and use of words and phrases in speech or
Doggerel: Comic verse composed in irregular rhythm.
Epitaph: A phrase or statement written in memory of a person,
esp. on a tombstone.
Exposition: A comprehensive description and explanation of an
idea or theory.
Foreshadowing: Be a warning or indication of (a future event).
Hyperbole: Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be
taken literally.
Iambic pentameter: the particular rhythm that the words
establish in that line.
Irony: The expression of one's meaning by using language that
normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or
emphatic effect.
Metaphor: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is
applied to an object or action to which it is not literally
Meter: The rhythm of a piece of poetry, determined by the
number and length of feet in a line.
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Metonymy: The substitution of the name of an attribute or
adjunct for that of the thing meant, for example suit for
business executive.
Narrator: A person who narrates something, esp. the events of
a novel or narrative poem.
Noun (concrete, abstract): A word (other than a pronoun) used
to identify any of a class of people, places, or things
(common noun), or to name a particular one of these (proper
Onomatopoeia: The formation of a word from a sound associated
with what is named (e.g., cuckoo, sizzle).
Parallelism: The state of being parallel or of corresponding
in some way.
Paraphrase: Express the meaning of (the writer or speaker or
written or spoken) using different words, esp. to achieve
greater clarity.
Persona: A role or character adopted by an author or an actor.
Personification: The attribution of a personal nature or human
characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation
of an abstract quality in human form
Protagonist & antagonist: The leading character and the person
opposed to, or struggles against, or competes with anther
Rhyme: Poetry or verse marked by such correspondence of sound
Rhythm: A strong, regular, repeated pattern of movement or
Sequence: A particular order in which related events,
movements, or things follow each other
Simile: like or as to compare
Sonnet: A poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of
formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten
syllables per line
Synecdoche: A figure of speech in which a part is made to
represent the whole or vice versa, as in Cleveland won by six
runs (meaning “Cleveland's baseball team”)
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