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Queen's University
ENGL 100
Laura Murray

Section A: Literary Terms Allegory: A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. Alliteration: The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. Assonance: the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in non-rhyming stressed syllables (e.g., penitence, reticence). Cadence: Balance of rhythmic flow Connotation: The implication of such ideas or feelings. Denouement: The final part of a play, movie, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are resolved. Diction: The choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing. Doggerel: Comic verse composed in irregular rhythm. Epitaph: A phrase or statement written in memory of a person, esp. on a tombstone. Exposition: A comprehensive description and explanation of an idea or theory. Foreshadowing: Be a warning or indication of (a future event). Hyperbole: Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally. Iambic pentameter: the particular rhythm that the words establish in that line. Irony: The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. Metaphor: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. Meter: The rhythm of a piece of poetry, determined by the number and length of feet in a line. Metonymy: The substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant, for example suit for business executive. Narrator: A person who narrates something, esp. the events of a novel or narrative poem. Noun (concrete, abstract): A word (other than a pronoun) used to identify any of a class of people, places, or things (common noun), or to name a particular one of these (proper noun) Onomatopoeia: The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g., cuckoo, sizzle). Parallelism: The state of being parallel or of corresponding in some way. Paraphrase: Express the meaning of (the writer or speaker or something written or spoken) using different words, esp. to achieve greater clarity. Persona: A role or character adopted by an author or an actor. Personification: The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form Protagonist & antagonist: The leading character and the person opposed to, or struggles against, or competes with anther opponent. Rhyme: Poetry or verse marked by such correspondence of sound Rh
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