ENGL 100 Study Guide - Final Guide: Gerard Manley Hopkins, Eye Rhyme, Alliteration

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
School
Queen's University
Department
English
Course
ENGL 100
English Winter Term Notes
2Poetry
William Wordsworth “I wandered lonely as a cloud” (p351)
oRecollection of a spontaneous experience
oStart as a passive self sensing external stimulation
oMoves into a transformation to an active perceiver
oSome sort of secular communion with nature taking
place (host)
oOutlines how the poets mind experiences a visual
stimulus
oAnalytic
William Black “The Sick Rose” (p38)
oGenre: gives us a set of expectations
oAllegorizing: Attributing the words of a poem not
with what they literally say but with something else of
meaning
Flower being associated with human life
oSexual content
oOrganic
Margret Atwood “You fit into me” (p18)
oSexual content
oBringing in a set of expectations and destroying
those expectations in a shocking way
Donald Hall “Independence day letter”
oSelection of detail, degree of repetition, and
revelation at the end reveals that this piece of literature
is a poem, as well as the composition
oAlienated feel in the words of the poem
oDead women’s used car lot
Voice, Tone, and Irony
Irony, is when the reader perceives discrepancies in
writing through juxtapositions between expectation and actuality; what
ought to be as opposed to what is.
Verbal Irony is when one thing is said but it means
something else (example: sarcasm)
Structural Irony occurs when the reader does not receive
the entire story, through an unreliable narrator
Dramatic Irony happens when the audience knows more
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than the characters
Cosmic Irony is a discrepancy between a characters
sense of reality and actual reality
Theodore Roethke, “My Papa’s Waltz”
Not just told from the perspective of a naïve child, it is
layered with the voice of the grown up sons perspective; a darker
perspective than that of his view as a child
Poem of address, using words such as you and your to
make a connection with the father
Mournful feel in the tone
Juxtaposition of the fun and the danger, the presence and
the absence; these juxtapositions create irony
Sharon Olds, “Rite of Passage”
Juxtaposition between boys and men, an opposition as well
as a likeness; creates irony; men in first grade
Commentary on adult life while watching children play; the
children are naïve and don’t know what they are talking about while
adults do and say similar things, showing the foolishness of adults
Juxtapositions between mothers experience and child’s
innocence
William Blake, “The Chimney Sweeper” from Songs of
Innocence
Innocent child speaking believing what he is told; he
speaks dark truths while holding on to the empty words that the adults
tell him; “If you do your duty you’ll come to no harm”
*Hears the promise instead of the threat; promise that
they will not come to harm instead of threat of harm if they do not do
their work
Adults use propaganda to play on the innocence of the
child, he does not know that the adults don’t mean the things they say
while the reader can see through their words
Directed to the reader; “your chimneys I sweep”
William Blake, “The Chimney Sweeper” from Songs of
Experience
The experienced chimney sweeper; he understands what is
going on and sees through the hoax adults pull on him
On the verge of sarcasm
This child knows what is going on; rather than the innocent
child believing and us being aware that he is wrong, the child
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understands his situation
Cosmic irony, his aspirations and what ought to be does
not match up with reality; creates a very dark poem
*Juxtaposition in all of these poems between the
experience of adults against the innocence and children
Double Voice indicates the two voices in a narrative of
the character and the author. Irony occurs in the gap between those
two voices.
Tone while there is no physical interaction between writer
and reader to give us cues such as body language, stresses and facial
expressions, the reader can focus on language use as well as outward
to allusions, similes, metaphors and so on in order to understand the
tone.
Imagery in Poetry
Anything that provokes thought creates pleasure in poetry
Substitution through simile and metaphor often creates
imagery
Imagery: The representation of experience through vivid
and detailed experience, usually visually but can be applied to any
sensual element
Ezra Pound “In a Station of the Metro”
Juxtaposition of silent, organic stillness of nature with the
busy, industrialism of the metro station
Pound wanted to convey the instantaneous experience he
felt
Emotional charge created from the visual imagery created
in this poem
Pound stated that an “image is real because we know it
directly”
Intensification
The connection of multiple senses and feelings make
imagery impactful
Gerard Manley Hopkins “Pied Beauty” (P162)
Pied: Having two or more different colors (multicolored);
explicitly sharp contrast
In relation to god; if the world is god why is it both dark
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Document Summary

Irony, is when the reader perceives discrepancies in writing through juxtapositions between expectation and actuality; what ought to be as opposed to what is. something else (example: sarcasm) the entire story, through an unreliable narrator. Structural irony occurs when the reader does not receive. Dramatic irony happens when the audience knows more. Verbal irony is when one thing is said but it means. Cosmic irony is a discrepancy between a characters. Poem of address, using words such as you and your to. Commentary on adult life while watching children play; the. Juxtaposition of the fun and the danger, the presence and. Juxtaposition between boys and men, an opposition as well than the characters sense of reality and actual reality. Experience going on and sees through the hoax adults pull on him child believing and us being aware that he is wrong, the child. Innocent child speaking believing what he is told; he.

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