Terms Used in Mary Wallace's English 100 Lectures this term
a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning throughconcrete or material forms; figurative treatmen
t of one subjectunder the guise of another.
the commencement of two or more stressed syllables of aword group either with the same consonant soun
d or soundgroup (consonantal alliteration), as in from stem to stern, orwith a vowel sound that may diffe
r from syllable to syllable
a similarity between like features of two things, on which acomparison may be based: the analogy betwee
n the heart and a pump.
a form of reasoning in which one thing is inferred to besimilar to another thing in a certain respect, on the
basis of theknown similarity between the things in other respects.
a foot of three syllables, two short followed by one long inquantitative meter, and two unstressed followe
d by one stressed inaccentual meter, as in for the nonce.
Anaphora: repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses, clauses, or
sentences, the use of a word as a regular grammatical substitutefor a preceding word or group of words, as
the use of it and do in I know it and he does too.
unrhymed verse, especially the unrhymed iambic pentameter mostfrequently used in English dramatic, epi
c, and reflective verse.
Prosody. A break, especially a sense pause, usually near themiddle of a verse, and marked in scansion by
a double verticalline, as in know then thyself ‖ presume not God to scan.
Character development: the development of a person in a story over time as the plot of a story thickens
or continues. The character development will often take place during various events that happen to the
character in question.
Close reading: observe facts and details about the text. You may focus on a particular passage, or on the
text as a whole. Your aim may be to notice all striking features of the text, including rhetorical features,
structural elements, and cultural references; or, your aim may be to notice only selected features of the
text—for instance, oppositions and correspondences, or particular historical references.
Couplet: a pair of successive lines of verse, especially a pair that rhymeand are of the same length.
Prosody . a foot of three syllables, one long followed by twoshort in quantitative meter, or one stressed fo
llowed by twounstressed in accentual meter, as in gently and humanly. Economy:
the management of the resources of a community, country,etc., especially with a view to its productivity.
End-stopped lines: is a line of poetry which has a natural pause at the end, usually because of
the running on of the thought from one line, couplet, or stanza to thenext without a syntactical break.
the moral element in dramatic literature that determines acharacter's action rather than his or her thought o
Logos: the rational principle that governs and develops the universe.
Pathos: the quality or power in an actual life experience or in literature,
music, speech, or other forms of expression, of evoking a feelingof pity or compassion.
First wave feminism: refers to a period of feminist activityduring the nineteenth and early twentieth
century in the United Kingdom and the United States. It focused on de
jure (officiallymandated) inequalities, primarily on gaining women's
suffrage (theright to vote). The term first wave was coined retroactively inthe 1970s. The women's move
ment then, focusing as much onfighting de facto (unofficial) inequalities as de jure ones,
acknowledged its foremothers by calling itself second-wave feminism.
Second wave feminism:
refers to a period of feminist activitywhich began during the 1960s and lasted through the late 1970s.Whe
re first-wave feminism focused on overturning legal ( de jure)obstacles to equality, second-
wave feminism addressed unofficial( de facto) inequalities as well .
Form: a type or kind: imprisonment is a form of punishment,
the particular mode, appearance, etc, in which a thing or personmanifests itself: water in the form of ice ; i
n the form of a bat
Free indirect discourse: allows the author to convey their thoughts through the direct thoughts of a
Free verse: verse that does not follow a fixed metrical pattern.
membership of a word or grammatical form, or an inflectionalform showing membership, in such a class.
Genre: a class or category of artistic endeavor having a particular form,
content, technique, or the like: the genre of epic poetry; the genreof symphonic music.
a foot of two syllables, a short followed by a long in quantitativemeter, or an unstressed followed by a stre
ssed in accentual meter, asin Come live / with me / and be / my love. Iambic pentameter:
meter in poetry consisting of anunrhymed line with five feet or accents, each footcontaining an unaccente