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Film and Media
FILM 260
Sidney Eve Matrix

Required ReadingsTuesday May 08 2012609 PM1 How To Teach Kids Digital Literacy Build A Private Social Network Playground For ThemAuthor Kashmir HillSummary The school at Columbia University creates a private social network for their elementary students so they can experiment and learn the necessary networking skills that theyre going to need in adulthood within set boundaries which are monitored by administration Since each students digital footprints are erased from the network each year lessons regarding the permanence of what they post online are instilled in front of invisible audiences rather than on Facebook where their youthful mistakes become public and permanent Teachers address what information is and isnt appropriate to post online how to choose appropriate photo representations of themselves how media can be edited and presented out of context and the definitions of different social networking terms with their students The school aims to provide the children with a protective bubble in which they can practice and experiment without leaving permanent trace on the internet This ultimately should and is expected to lead to more purposeful technology use in the future 2 Time to Focus on Social Media Literacy in our SchoolsAuthor Mike LombardiSummary Emphasizes the fact that although many students from our generation have grown up learning how to use social media tools for personal entertainment we still have much to learn about the basics of navigating privacy and personal information This article suggests adult and authoritative intervention that encourages appropriate social media literacy development and awareness Potential program guidelines may includeUnderstanding social mediaSocial media reputation identity and authorityPrivacy security legal and ethical issuesCritical thinking and reasoned choicesDealing with cyberbullyingGuidelines for adult interaction with studentsBenefitsrisks of social mediaUsing social media to enhance learningBest practicesSuggests that the province municipalities boards of education postsecondary institutions and community organizations have a responsibility to take a leadership role in promoting these standardized and comprehensive programs which should be supported by resources community education training parent and community outreach and K12 and postsecondary curriculums This would benefit students parents educators and members of the public3 Why Media is Vital for Quality JournalismAuthor Josh CatoneSummary This article highlights the advantages and disadvantages that media literacy has on journalism ADVANTAGES Speed stories can be updated as the unfoldMore people have access to media whichalso means a greater population has the chance to stay informed and aware of issuesReporters working in unison on the same story makes more detailed journalism possibleThe flexibility for mistakes can be corrected in real time in contrast to waiting for nextDigital Literacy Page 1 The flexibility for mistakes can be corrected in real time in contrast to waiting for next days edition as in the Dewey Defeats Truman misprintDISADVANTAGESFalse information can be spread quickly Ann Curry retweeted a misprinted tweet before the spelling error was fixedOverwhelming amount of available information and journalistic voices particularly from bloggers and opinionated individuals who arent professional reporters drown each other out so sorting fact from fiction becomes increasingly difficult Reliable sources cant be easily identifiedInformation spreads too quickly to be properly investigatedLiteracy is defined by technology and todays technology allows for information to be seeded from untrained journalists on websites like TwitterTo be truly literate you need to be able to discern fact from fiction and news from opinion 2009 house of commons debate about stimulus bill twitter user purposely spread falsities about the debate to observe the effect As these tweets became retweeted people started to believe this false information and even congressmen began reciting these facts on the floors of the House and the Senate4 Growing Up Digital Wired for DistractionAuthor Matt RichtelSummary The constant stream of stimuli available from computers cellphones and other wired media are timewasters that pose new challenges focusing and learning on a level that dramatically exceeds distractions from the past Researchers believe this is because our brains become used to constantly switching tasks and less able to sustain attention Computers at home are preferred to be used for entertainment rather than learning Students have choices and they struggle to juggle entertainment and homework Some students say theyd rather their parents be more strict about computercellphonevideo game distractions because its harder to quit when the choice is their ownDistraction choices can reflect personalities to the extent that technology can define social types social butterflies facebook and textingLess social online gamingProcrastinators surfing the web or YouTube videosFacebook can give the illusion of doing something productive because it occupies your attention but you really arent engaging your mind nor getting anything done In the end you still feel gratified regardless of whether you got anything accomplishedResearchers found that the effects of playing video games led to lower sleep quality and a significant decline in ability to remember homework in relation to those caused by watching tv Head researcher speculates that this is because your brain decides which information to store and it prefers the emotionally stimulating material over the vocabularyThe brain needs downtime to process information and cannot do so if it is constantly being stimulated Boredom may be essential to the learning process but our generations brains crave stimulationMr Reilly hopes that the two can meet that computers can be combined with education to better engage students and can give them technical skills without compromising deep analytical thought5 The Participation ChoiceAuthor Holly GoodierSummary An investigation of digital media participation in the UK revealed key themes about internet use Digital Literacy Page 2 internet useParticipation online is currently the norm rather than the exception 77 of the population is now digitally active in some way in comparison to previous studies which estimated that only 10 of the population used the internet regularlyIncreased participation is encouraged by the easiness of activities that used to require excessive effort The 23 of the population that remains passive online is not necessarily due to digital illiteracy as previously thought 11 of passive users have the access and ability to participate but choose not to Digital participation is a personal choice that is reflective of our personalities rather than our online abilities or digital skill7500 UK adult online users surveyed over 18 months from September 20106 Universities Teaching Students Social Media SkillsAuthor CTVSummary Universities are offering seminars on social media etiquette to warn students of potential consequences Workshops recommend that students separate personal and professional networks and consider the permanence of uploading photos to Facebook given the timelessness of the internet The goal of these programs is to teach students how to present themselves professionally online so their digital footprint is a positive one7 Educators Keep Up or Risk Losing LearnersAuthor Stephan CollinsSummary Educators should make an effort to keep up with the technological advancements and implement digital media into their learning environment Children should have the opportunity to engage in exploratory learning not only as preschoolers but also as they grow older This article suggests that traditional teaching methods are irrelevant in a hyperconnected world and digital collaboration is necessary to engage learners This provides particular hardships to educators who must struggle to keep up with a world they werent properly technologically equipped to live in 8 An Interview with Dr Henry JenkinsAuthor Lisa Gualtieri Summary Henry Jenkins has been at the forefront of understanding the effects of participatory media on society politics and culture His research on digital and media literacy gives key insights to the success of socialnetworking Web sites networked computer games online fan communities and other advocacy organizations and emerging news media outlets Multiple types of literacies traditional literacy foundation multiliteracies built around it new media literacies social skills to communicate across distanced networksDigital Literacy Page 3
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