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GPHY 101 Study Guide - Population Geography, Spacetime


Department
Geography
Course Code
GPHY 101
Professor
Anne M C Godlewska

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SENSE OF PLACE AND MIGRATION HISTORIES IDIOTOPY AND IDIOTOPE Angels
Pascual-De-Sans
People have connections to the geographical area they are from
- Everyone is constructed socially
Biographical data indicates place of birth as initial reference to lives of people
Sense of place is persistent time and space
“We usually mark our territory, as it marks us, and thus a space becomes a place”
- This results in an intimate connection
Place: basic element of geographical space; temporary; can only exist with humans
Space: made up of places
SIGNIFICANCE OF PLACE IN STUDY OF MIGRATION
Permanence and Mobility
- Mobility: moving from place to place
- Permanence: time spent in the place
- Migratory process becomes sequence of movements linked to each other by periods of
settlement in spaces of relationships
Places have hierarchical nature: idiotopy
- Some have larger impacts than others
- Some are forgotten while new ones are discovered
- Humans can’t live in a space-time continuum
- There are places called idiotope
o Uniqueness to an individual
o From choice but not exclusive
o Process of recognition and election
o Originally free of reference points but gradual possession of place
Inhabit the place before it comes an idiotope (takes time)
o For some it is closely connected to social identity
o Sometimes in relation to social emotional and intellectual landscape
o Starts outside one’s home
Boundaries and scale
- Place needs boundaries but not borders
- Condition for recognition
- No definite scale
- In theory, the more a place is one’s own, the more details one sees in it and the more
one breaks it up into smaller components (central core)
o Personal place where a tree is not just a tree but a special oak tree
ROLE OF PLACE IN SHAPING OF MIGRATION HISTORIES
Territoriality
- Factors in life favour permanence in a place and others that hinder it
- Results in successive periods of permanence and mobility (migration)
- Migration is a complex mechanism by which population adjusts to the social organization
of space
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