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DEVS100 - Exam Study Notes (Week 1).pdf
DEVS100 - Exam Study Notes (Week 1).pdf

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Queen's University
Global Development Studies
DEVS 100
Richard Day

DEVS100 - Final Exam Second Semester Lectures Notes Blue = Important discourses/concepts Red = Important people WEEK 1 - INTRODUCTION Important to remember that we are all BIASED - We all have a particular set of beliefs and reasons behind why we believe what we do - We all live on stolen land (we must focus on unsettling and decolonizing) - We live in a statist-capitalist society (we must challenge, resist, and create alternatives to capitalism and the state reform) - We live in a racist, sexist, queerphobid, ableist, ageist, politically conservative, dumbed down, and distracted society (we must challenge, resist, and create alternatives to all of these oppressive discourses as well) - We must strive to achieve a way of “ruthless criticism of all that exists” (Karl Marx) IMPORTANT TO... - Become aware of your own values and beliefs (who you are and how you have become that way) - Be able to identify the discourses you are invoking when making statements (According to...) - Make arguments that are internally consistent and empirically coherent CRITICALANALYSIS - Marx said that ideology presents a ‘false’ culture of the ‘truth’ which only ‘science’ can unmask Foucault on the topic of Discourse: • Discourses are systems of representation They are comprised of groups of statements which provide a language for talking about a • particular topic at a particular point in time • Discourse is so important because nothing has meaning outside of discourse • Control over discourse is linked to power because those who control the discourse are controlling the authority of ‘the truth’ (this is what is meant by sustaining a ‘regime of truth’) • There is always resistance and criticisms of these discourses, which is why no one can fully claim to know ‘the truth’ as such Compare discourses and their importance to the set up of classrooms (easier to understand) - A classroom is designed in a particular way (the students sit in a particular spot in relation to the teacher, and the teacher teaches in a particular spot in relation to the students) --> similar to how a particular discourse is set up in relation to the issue it is discussing - We must understand why a classroom is set up the way it is and who this is benefitting, in the same way that it is important to look at how a particular discourse frames an argument in favor of or against a particular group (understand what is happening due to that discourse and why) Perspectivism: - this theory states that knowledge of a subject is inevitably biased and is limited to the individual perspective form whi
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