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DEVS100 - Exam Study Notes (Week 6).pdf

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Queen's University
Global Development Studies
DEVS 100
Richard Day

DEVS100 - Final Exam Second Semester Lectures Notes Blue = Important discourses/concepts Red = Important people WEEK 6 - Canadian Foreign Policy Unilateralism: Each country does whatever it can do to get whatever it can get - the most powerful and evil wins (via hard power: coercion) Multilateralism: All countries involved work together to solve problems and allocate resources (via. soft power: moral suasion using symbolic means and non-coercive actions) Keating on Canadian Multilateralism - “multilateralism is a good idea” - multilateralism has been persistently prominent in the conduct of post war Canadian foreign policy - it has been effective (morally as well) - it has made constructive contributions to world order - during the 1940s and 1950s, Canada resisted efforts to turn the UN into an institution that would promote Western values - Canadian government has supported international and regional institutions in assuming increased responsibility for the security and welfare of individuals in various parts of the world - international consultation and co-operation - guarantees Canadians a voice - this order serves Canada’s interests - idea of middle powers - at the core of multilateralism is the idea that nation states should talk with each other about what is happening in the world - citizens have rights that must be upheld (ex. rights to security) - if countries aren’t working well together there has to be a higher power to make the cooperate - location of sovereignty What Drives New Interventionism? 1. Exceptionalism - formerly associated with extreme, unusual circumstances, the exception was invoked by a law, like Canada’s Emergency Management Act, or entered in into via a ‘declaration of war’ - civil rights suspended, state, police and military power amplified - supposed to be temporary - now, the exception is the norm, both within and between states, supported by a thin or no- existent veil of ‘legality’ and usually without a ‘declaration of war’ 2. Pre-Emptive Action - now people are being killed, countries are being invaded, all on the assumption that they may do something that the state doesn’t like in the future -
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