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DEVS 100 Study Guide - Final Guide: Multilateralism, Hard Power, The Exception


Department
Global Development Studies
Course Code
DEVS 100
Professor
Richard Day
Study Guide
Final

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DEVS100 - Final Exam
Second Semester Lectures Notes
Blue = Important discourses/concepts
Red = Important people
WEEK 6 - Canadian Foreign Policy
Unilateralism: Each country does whatever it can do to get whatever it can get - the most
powerful and evil wins (via hard power: coercion)
Multilateralism: All countries involved work together to solve problems and allocate resources
(via. soft power: moral suasion using symbolic means and non-coercive actions)
Keating on Canadian Multilateralism
-“multilateralism is a good idea”
-multilateralism has been persistently prominent in the conduct of post war Canadian foreign
policy
-it has been effective (morally as well)
-it has made constructive contributions to world order
-during the 1940s and 1950s, Canada resisted efforts to turn the UN into an institution that
would promote Western values
-Canadian government has supported international and regional institutions in assuming
increased responsibility for the security and welfare of individuals in various parts of the world
-international consultation and co-operation
-guarantees Canadians a voice
-this order serves Canada’s interests
-idea of middle powers
-at the core of multilateralism is the idea that nation states should talk with each other about
what is happening in the world
-citizens have rights that must be upheld (ex. rights to security)
-if countries aren’t working well together there has to be a higher power to make the cooperate
-location of sovereignty
What Drives New Interventionism?
1. Exceptionalism
-formerly associated with extreme, unusual circumstances, the exception was invoked by a law,
like Canada’s Emergency Management Act, or entered in into via a ‘declaration of war
-civil rights suspended, state, police and military power amplified
-supposed to be temporary
-now, the exception is the norm, both within and between states, supported by a thin or no-
existent veil of ‘legality’ and usually without a ‘declaration of war
2. Pre-Emptive Action
-now people are being killed, countries are being invaded, all on the assumption that they may
do something that the state doesn’t like in the future
-this violates old ideas like state sovereignty and personal liberty and habeas corpus, but it
happens all the time (Ex. in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Yemen, Toronto G20 etc.)
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