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[HIST 122] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 35 pages long Study Guide!


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 122
Professor
unknown
Study Guide
Final

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Queen's
HIST 122
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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History
Tutorial- Week 1 (13)
Background
England at this time was ruled under a constitutional monarchy= no absolutism like in
France
This gives people more freedom (constitution protecting their rights and economically more
freedom)
Process of Enclosure: Fences being put up by Tenant farmers (tenants renting farms from
lords)
Starting from the 17th century, there are some people who wanted to work the land but
didn't own it so they decided to rent it
This was not good for the peasant because they claimed the land their own so this was the
beginning of private ownership (putting fences around their land and saying this is mine
now)
Private ownership goes hand in hand with dispossessed peasantry and they are our new
labour force
Thousands of dispossessed peasants who were self sufficient before were kicked out of the
land they were working on so they only had one option to move to the factories in the cities
where they were able to find jobs (didn’t have a choice so they had to move to these bad
conditions)
Industrial Age
Railroads, steam power, steam ships (faster), communication (telegrams and phones),
advanced banking system, cars (personal early-type cars) came about for the first time in
the 19th century
Imperialism
Questions from book:
1. How did fat, oil from animals, plants and minerals make the world of the 19th
century work
Greasing the machines, weapons with fat
We have the fat crisis (problem with rifles in army because of greasing—rebellion
in an army called the mutiny. This was with the Sepoy Mutiny in 1857. There was
a rumour that among hindus and muslims that the fat used tog grease the rifles
was cow fat so hindus didn’t like that and muslims thought that it was lard and
they didn't want to touch the weapon because of that so they started fighting
each other
Britain didn’t like that so one year later in 1858 Britain put an end to the East
Indian Company and colonized the whole South Asian South Continent
Other than animals they were getting fat from whales and it was also used for
lighting not just weapons. Also plants (Olive Oil) and from the earth (fossil fuels,
oil, natural gas)
2. How did the population rise of the 19th century lead to new ways to exploit the
earths resources?
They had more people to extract coal
They were also the reason that they exploited because we needed more food
(people and the armies)
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Militarization goes hand in hand with imperialism
3. Why was the Agricultural exploitation of the North American prairie and the South
American pampa so important
“The great American desert”
South American Pampa refers to land in Argentina that ends up being a big
exporter of meat thanks to using this land
4. Relationship between industrialization and militarization?
Food preservation, new machinery
New idea of “total war” which means everyone in a nation is a target by another
nation (aka you mobilize anything and everything in your country)
Unequal Treaties
1839 Baltalimani
1842 Nanjing
1858 Kanagawa
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