Study Guides (238,127)
Canada (114,941)
History (302)
HIST 122 (30)
Prof. (6)

Semester 1 History Exam Review.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

Queen's University
HIST 122

History Exam Review Short Answer: Relationship between modern rights and pre-modern globalisation  Deep structural relationships (communications, commodities, mass migration) forged in the course of cultural and economic exchange provided a new synthesis of ideas and possibilities  E.g. there would have been no American Revolution without French and British competition  New identities and concepts of “nation” arose. Ideas like independence, freedom, and equality had power and prompted political revolts in the Americas and Europe. Since then, revolution has been a powerful force. Forces that facilitated pre-modern and old world globalisation  An East to West array of states which allowed for easier communications and sharing of crops and agricultural techniques  Universal religio-ethical movements provided a cultural medium for communication of ideas as well as values o Axial Age – period from 800BC-600CE when the four major religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and sometimes Confucianism) were created o All these religions share an empathic spirituality and morality, especially ‘the golden rule’, whereas previous religions focused more on rituals  Empire building facilitated large scale government and movement of goods Role of the old world database o Old world database: the build up of knowledge, skills, disease resistance etc. held by the old world (Eurasia and Africa) before 1491  Green revolution allowing subsistence and export of key crops o Surplus allowed for more trade  Exchange of commodities such as porcelain, steel, and iron  Advancement of medicine, chemistry, and pharmacy  Improvement of navigation and astronomy  Use of gunpowder Creation of an economy of mutually exclusive communications (transportation and sovereignties by land and sea) and monopolies (mercantilism)  Mercantilism o Economic theory that trade generates wealth and is stimulated by the accumulation of profitable balances, which a government should encourage by means of protectionism o One area’s monopoly over trade (ie. Europe in the New World) o Total global wealth is fixed and therefore one country’s wealth came at the direct expense of another’s – colonies helped inject wealth into the ‘mother country’ o Gold and silver production in Spanish and Portuguese colonies stimulated other European powers to seek colonies of their own. Few found gold, but many found wealth in the New World’s fertile lands by building plantations or harvesting furs. Sugar production soared, transforming European diets and economies. Viewing the world through mercantilist eyes, Europeans saw colonies strictly as sources of revenue and competed with one another for control. Charter companies represented the close ties between merchants and governments, as economics and politics became closely intertwined.  Basically gave imperial powers more money which meant more military whi
More Less

Related notes for HIST 122

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.