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HLTH 101- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 25 pages long!)


Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTH 101
Professor
Elaine Power
Study Guide
Final

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Queen's
HLTH 101
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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HLTH 101 Notes from reading - Ch 2. Population Health
Davidson textbook: Chapter 1
Why is it important not to confuse individual variables and collective
variables?
They apply to different things. Some variables like, age, sex and
genetic inheritance are individual whereas the safety of ones
neighbourhood does not necessarily apply to an indiv but a
collective community.
There are some variable that can apply on both levels like
income where it can refer to an individual or a
population/communities average income.
(GDP) Gross domestic product a measure of an entire countries
income.
What are the two main risk factor models of health and disease? what
are the shortcomings of the risk factor models?
Biomedical Variant version of the risk factor model that
emphasizes agent and biological factors as key determinants of
health.
o Shortcomings; There are problems w/ specifying
susceptibility or resilience based on host characteristics of
age, sex, and genetics.
Age life expectancy is drastically different due to
susceptibility and resilience being factors of the
environment so age is not a great predictor of health.
Sex Biological sex is a spectrum to begin with as
well as sex is confounded with gender and the roles a
person adopts which can be drastically different in
predicting ones health.
Genetics the initial set of genes to which were are
born change and “mutate” based on our environment
and thus can not be a straight predictor of health.
Epigenetics: Diff gene expression that arise from factors other than
changes in the underlying DNA sequence; the attempt to answer
questions as to why the phenotype, the observable characteristics ma
differ even if the DNA remains stable.
Behavioural Variant - version of the risk factor model that
emphasizes behaviour and lifestyle factors as key determinants
of health
o Shortcomings;
Gender: A range of physical and behavioural characteristics associated
with social roles that signify “masculine” and “feminine” (i.e. that
distinguish socially b/w men and women).
Why does Davidson argue that behaviour is not a simple function of
individual choice? (p. 22-23)
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Why does it matter if behaviour is completely under our control or socially
patterned?
Can you think of examples from your own life of how your behaviours are
socially patterned?
What was the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MR Fit)?
What were the main results?
What does it tell us about public health interventions?
What might account for lower rates of smoking among those who are
more affluent and better educated than those who live in poverty?
How are population-level interventions to improve health different from
individual level ones?
Give some examples of each.
Who was John Snow? What did he do that made him famous?
What were the implications of his research?
Why was his research rejected?
What fields is he credited with inventing?
Who was Frederich Engels?
What were the main findings of his research?
What was his theory about “health-harming behaviours” among the
working class?
Who was Rudolf Virchow?
Why is his work important to the development of population health
thinking and the social determinants of health?
Virchow is often quoted for his belief that “medicine is a social science,”
“if medicine is really to accomplish its great task, it must intervene in
political and social life,” and physicians should solve social problems.
What does he mean?
Do you agree?
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