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HLTH 101 Study Guide - Final Guide: World Health Organization, Ottawa Charter For Health Promotion, Biomedical Model

Health Studies
Course Code
HLTH 101
Elaine Power
Study Guide

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WEEK 1: Introduction
Identify key social determinants of health
Define public health & other key related terms
Understand how ideology impacts public health
1. Public health:
2. Epidemiology:
3. Population attribute
4. Biomedical model of health
5. Behavioural model of health
6. Population model of health
7. The Lalonde Report
8. The Epp Report
9. The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion
10. Health promotion
11. Health education
12. Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC)
13. World Health Organization (WHO)
14. Population health
15. Health disparities
16. Health inequalities
17. Health inequities
18. Health gradients (or gradients in health)
19. Political ideology
20. Neoliberal political ideology (or liberal individualism or neoliberalism)
21. Collectivist or social democratic ideology
22. Environmental or green ideology
23. Social determinants of health
24. Determinants of health
25. Individual determinants of health (or lifestyle determinants of health)
26. Collective action for health
What are SDHs?
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Circumstances in which people grow, live, work, and age, and the socio-political systems put in
place to deal with illness.
Access to care
Food/water security
Rewarding employment
Exposure to environmental hazards
SDHs are shaped by....
Underlying political systems
Priorities and policies
Structural inequalities
Politics/the economy • Income/poverty
Social cohesion/ isolation
Why do we study SDH?
To understand why different types of diseases are more or less prevalent at a given
point in time or overtime in certain groups or populations?
To explore ways of reducing health inequities by improving social conditions and
reducing social inequalities?
Public health (in)actions and political ideologies
“Set of beliefs about the proper order of society and how it can be achieved” (Erikson and Tedin,
2003). Ideologies influence....
How resources are distributed
Laws and regulations that get enacted
The way evidence is received in policy circle
The promotion of individualism/collectivism
WEEK 2: Population Health
Define key terms related to population health
Understand how shifting to a population-level of analysis changes how we think about
Treating people for disease
Modifying individual behaviours
Screening & early intervention
Program evaluation
Appreciate how broader features of society, such as income distribution, affect
population health
Name key figures in the history of pubic health and state their contributions to the field
Better appreciate how poverty affects health care practice and how health care
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practitioners can respond to their patients’ poverty
Better empathize with those in marginalized social positions
1. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
2. Social patterning of behaviour
3. “Blaming the victim”
4. Secular or temporal change
5. Marginalized (marginalization)
6. Dispossessed (dispossession)
7. Miasma
8. Germ theory of disease
9. Infectious diseases
10. Chronic diseases
11. Typhus
12. Cholera
13. Tuberculosis
14. Pertussis
15. Demographic transition
16. Epidemiologic transition
17. Morbidity
18. Mortality
19. Life expectancy
20. Premature mortality
21. Infant mortality
22. Social capital
23. Advocacy
Public Health
Main goal: To prevent disease and promote health
Recognise the importance of individual contributions
BUT more interested in understanding how to reduce or alleviate risks by addressing
underlying causes
E.g. Public health responses:
Water contamination (mandatory water testing)
Seasonal influenza/ early childhood diseases (vaccination) • Food contamination (Food
safety regulations)
Smoking restrictions
Mandatory physical activity in elementary schools
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