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HLTH 101 Study Guide - Final Guide: Paul Hawken, Fossil Fuel, Idle No More

Health Studies
Course Code
HLTH 101
Elaine Power
Study Guide

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Health Exam Notes 11/28/2013 12:10:00 PM
SDOH: the factors that affect the chances that groups of people have to led
long and healthy lives
Factors beyond individual control are more important in explaining
differences in health outcomes among groups of people than lifestyle factors
Normative disciplines: are profoundly moral in the deep & broad sense of
seeking the essence of who we are as human beings & as a society
Seek to understand human suffering & social injustice, in order to alleviate it
need systematic ways to understand problems
There are alternative ways of organizing ourselves ―a better world is
Individualism: ―a way of thinking that encourages us to explain the world in
terms of what goes on inside individuals and nothing else‖
Society is just a collection of individuals
Consequences: affects how we think about social life and how we make
sense of the world: blame individuals for problems and expect individuals to
fix problems
Problems with individualism: ignores the difference between individuals who
participate in social life and the relationships that connect them to one
another and to groups & societies: personal solutions can‘t solve social
problems. Forest and the trees: ―people aren‘t systems and systems aren‘t
people, and if we forget that, we‘re likely to focus on the wrong things in
trying to solve our problems‖ (forest and the trees p 14)
Social Problems like Racism:
Are both about/not about individuals
Individuals are not responsible for a world they did not create
Individuals are responsible for choosing how to participate in that world and
understanding how & why those choices matter how can I be part of the
solution not part of the problem
As we participate in systems, our lives are shaped by socialization & paths of
least resistance
Social systems are not ―things‖ but rather ongoing processes
Constantly being created and re-created as people do things to make them
happen. They can and do change

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Fears, Anxieties, Worries:
Failure: failing oneself and one‘s parents/family
Failing academically or in career/sports & other activities
Take responsibility: use the resources available to you to learn the lessons of
the small failures; sometimes you can prevent the big failures
Failure can change the direction of our lives it is up to us whether that is
positive or negative in the end
What is Health? ―official (expert) definitions of health: *negative definitions
(disease oriented) biomedical model *positive definitions (holistic) social
models (e.g., WHO, Health Canada, Antonovsky)
―Lay‖ (ordinary people) understandings of health
Problems with dominant biomedical model of health: mechanistic,
reductionist, technical approach body separate from mind, emotions,
More attention to disease (and curing it) than health (and promoting it)
Health as absence of illness: the subjective feeling of pain or discomfort;
may or may not accompany disease self-rated assessments of health
correlate well with objective measures of health
**Doctors & their patients define & understand health differently
Disease: professional/medial diagnosis medically defined, objective
Illness: person‘s sense of being unwell – subjective experience of ill health
Aaron Antonovsky: American-Israeli sociologist
Searched to understand the factors contributing to good health, the origins
of good health. Core concepts: salutogenesis, sense of coherence
How do we survive (and thrive) in the midst of constant stress and disease?
Salutogenesis Antonvosky‘s term for the origins of positive health
Salutogenic model of health: Antonovsky‘s conceptual model to guide out
identification and understanding of the factors that protect and enhance
good health

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Sense of Coherence (SOC): ―The extent to which one has a pervasive,
enduring though dynamic, feeling of confidence that one‘s environment is
predictable and that things will work out as well as can reasonably be
expected.‖ Three Components:
Comprehensibility: extent to which events are perceived as making logical
sense, that they are ordered, consistent, and structured
Manageability: extent to which a person feels they can cope
Meaningfulness: how much one feels that life makes sense, and challenged
are worthy of commitment
Antonovsky showed that those with a high SOC are more likely to feel less
stress and tension may protect against depression; improves life
satisfaction; reduces fatigue, loneliness & anxiety
Development of strong or weak SOC is related to a person‘s natural coping
style, upbringing, education, financial assets, social support
SOC highest in highest social classes
―Lay‖ understandings of Health
consequences of ordinary people‘s attempts to make sense of the numerous
sources of information to which they have access
pragmatic, enabling us to cope with the complexity of health
vary systematically according to social position (class, gender); also vary by
age and culture
do not necessarily line up with medical diagnoses of disease a state of being (absence of illness), something to be had (reserve of
physical health; potential to resist illness), a state of doing (well-being;
happiness, relaxation)
Being able to carry out everyday responsibilities
Health from Aboriginal Perspectives wholistic, incorporates spiritual,
intellectual, physical, emotional dimensions of life
Inter-generational exists on multiple levels individual, family,
community, nation
Encompasses cultural, social, economic & political spheres
WEEK 2 :
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