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Health 101 Midterm Review


Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTH 101
Professor
Elaine Power
Study Guide
Midterm

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The Tipping Point
- Tipping point of crime rate, decreasing
- Aging population
- Employing more criminals
- CONTAGIOUS BEHAVIOUR
- Police impacted small number of people in small situations, who’s
behaviour spread
- Little changes, big effects, in a short period of time
- (Epidemics = contagious, little changes have big effects, happens in a
dramatic moment)
- 3rd trait is most important, permits the first two aspects
- Tipping point one dramatic moment when everything can change all at
once
The Forest and the Trees
Allan G Johnson Sociology -
the study of individuals and society and how they
are related to each other
Individualism effects social life by isolating us from one another, promotes
competition, harder to sustain community
- This causes blame of social problems just on individuals and their flaws in
personal characters (drug problems are an individuals own fault)
- Individualistic answers are to raise people out of poverty or changing
people one person at a time
- Ignores people who participate in social life and relationships that connect
each other to groups in society
- A forest is a collection of trees that exist in a particular relation to one
another, and you can’t look what that relation is by looking at each individual
tree

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-
We are always participating in something larger than ourselves, if we want
to understand social life and what happens to people in it, we have to
understand what it is that were participating in and how we participate in it.
The larger things we participate in are called social systems
- People participate in systems without being parts of the system
themselves
- We choose how to participate
- What people do depends on the position they occupy in relation to the
system and other people in it
- People are what make the system happen
- Choose the “path of least resistance” go along with the system so that
peace is not disturbed
- We cannot understand what goes on in social systems just by looking at
individuals (suicide is more than an individual problem)
- Individualism does not answer
why?
We need to look at
patterns
- Belonging to certain social categories shapes peoples experience as they
participate in social life and how their participation limits the alternatives
they can choose from
- Cannot generalize systems to basic individuals
-
If I participate in a racist society, despite my race, then I am involved in
“white privilege” and oppression to people of colour
Public Health
o Normative field of study
o
“Concerned how things should be, rather than how they actually
are”
Normative disciplines profoundly moral

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o
Seek to understand human suffering and social injustice and
systematic ways to understand and alleviate the issues
Social Justice
o Concerned to reduce or eliminate social habits, institutions, or
structures that harm the common good of society
o Establish structures, ways of acting, and attitudes that promote the
common good
o A condition in which everyone has fair treatment and an impartial
share of societies benefits
o Fair distribution of advantages/disadvantages
Individualism
o A way of thinking that encourages us to explain the world in terms
of what goes on inside individuals and nothing else
o Society is just a collection of individuals
o Blame individuals for problems
o Personal solutions cant fix social problems
Social Systems
o On going processes
o Constantly being created and recreated as people do things to
make them happen
o Changing
Systems don’t change unless relationships change
EPP Report
o Recognition that disadvantaged groups are sicker, die sooner, and
have more disability
o Community support important for coping and health
o Proposed that health promotion become a cornerstone of the
Canadian health system, and the primary way to meet 3 challenges
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