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Midterm

PATH 310 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Venous Thrombosis, Hemostasis, Tachycardia


Department
Pathology and Molecular Medicine
Course Code
PATH 310
Professor
Christine Hough
Study Guide
Midterm

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PATH 310 Midterm 1
Terminology
Etiology
Cause of disease
Pathogenesis
Mechanism of disease
Coagulopathy
Coagulation disorder
Erythrocytes
Red blood cells
Leukocytes
White blood cells
Platelets
Little pieces of red blood cell
Plasma
Liquid containing dissolved proteins and coagulation
factors
Serum
Plasma clotting factors
Quiescent
Inactive state
Fibrinolysis
Breakdown of fibrin clot
Hemostasis
Normal process that stops bleeding after vessel injury
with hemostatic plug
Thrombosis
Pathological process with formation of a thrombus in an
uninjured cell
Mortality
Subjected to death
Morbidity
Being diseased
Hemostatic plug
Consists of platelets and fibrin
Zymogens
Inactivated enzyme clotting factors, activated by
proteolysis
Bleeding diathesis
Prolonged bleeding
Thrombosis
Formation of a thrombus in a blood vessel
Thrombus
A blood clot
Embolization
Rupture and release of thrombus
Cessation
Reduction of blood flow
Ischemia
Restriction of blood
Hypoxia
Deprivation of oxygen
Infarction
Necrosis due to lack of blood
Necrosis = gangrene
Cell injury leading to cell death
Thrombophilia
Genetic predisposition to venous thrombosis
Idiopathic
Spontaneous occurrence of disease or unknown etiology
Erythema
Dilation of blood vessels causing redness of the skin
Dyspnea
Shortness of breath
Pleuritic chest pain
Increases with inspiration
Tachycardia
Increased heart rate
Syncope
Fast onset of passing out temporarily
Angiography
X-ray to examine blood vessels
Atherosclerosis
Disease of elastic and muscular arteries (hardening
Atheromatous plaque
Fatty streak- first lesion characterized by build up of
lipids, cholesterol, calcium and cellular debris,
endothelial dysfunction, vascular inflammation
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