PHGY 499 Study Guide - Final Guide: D2L, Moodle
A Learning Management System may be best described as an online learning environment system that allows course
administrators to create an online site for their course. On this site, administrators can customize the resources and tools
available for authorized students to view and utilize as a supplement to learning.
For example, Learning Management System - https://moodle.queensu.ca/ can allows users to:
Post course materials such as a syllabi, documents, PowerPoint presentations/slides, assignments and pictures for
student access and download
Design a calendar with important course dates such as scheduled course times, due dates, test dates, etc., for
students, TAs and instructors to use.
Facilitate discussion through online discussion boards, email systems, or chat rooms where course
administrators, TAs and students can interact in an asynchronous or synchronous format
Facilitate student evaluation with online quizzes or surveys as well as track and view progress on evaluations
through online marking tools
Collaborate through evaluation or group editing programs such as Moodle
Perform numerous other tasks similar to the ones listed above through a range of other tools that overall support
or supplement learning
Learning Management Systems @ Queen's
Used for many programs across campus, Moodle is a password protected Learning Management System that may be used
to manage and deliver course materials either in manner of supplements traditional teaching methods, such as lectures, or
in a manner that allows for completely online-based courses. Queen's ITServices has a full guide to using Moodle, which
you can access through the link: https://moodle.queensu.ca/
Desire2Learn (Faculty of Education)
Deire2Learn is used by the Faculty of Education where students can access course materials and learning tools that
facilitates collaboration and communication. To access Desire2Learn from the Faculty of Education portal, please
MEdTech Central (School of Medicine)
Used by the School of Medicine here at Queen's University, MEdTech stands for "Medical Education Technology Unit".
The goal of MEdTech is "for all learners to have ubiquitous access to curriculum information and interactive learning
resources through a secure and user-friendly portal." The discipline-specific course management tool seeks to integrate
effective technology into medical education, encourage active, self-directive learning and facilitate communication
throughout the medical education community. For more information about MEdTech please
QShare is a password protected online environment that allows for the storage, distribution, and sharing of files. For
example, a Word document containing an essay or thesis work could be stored on QShare, not only serving as a form of
backup, but allowing for the document to be viewed by colleagues, supervisors or other editors. All faculty, staff and
students are entitles to access QShare and may do so through http://qshare.queensu.ca/xythoswfs/webui
For more information about QShare and the many ways it can be used, please visit: http://www.queensu.ca/its/qshare.html
Why Use Learning Management Systems?
Learning Management Systems facilitate learning by creating private learning communities for the exchange of
information. Learning Management Systems also enhance student-administrator as well as student-student
The numerous tools available to course administrators when designing and using Learning Management Systems allows
for the creation of a very customized and flexible resource that meets course, administrator and student needs.
Students have found Learning Management Systems extremely useful in accessing course content. Posted lectures,
assignments and other resources are not available to students any time, any where making Moodle an invaluable source of
Strategies for Using Learning Managment System
The Instructor as a Choreographer
Intellectual Role Organizational Role Social Role Support Role
Development of intellectual
materials and direction of the site
Eg. Posing questions on the
discussion board plays a role to
direct intellectual inquiry
Control of course structure,
appearance and layout of the
Provides direction and clarifies
direction for students
Facilitation of a cohesive social
network of users
For example, discussion boards
promote debate collaboration and
expansion of thought
Aid users in accessing and using the site
May range from providing technical
support to acknowledging everyone is
learning new skills together
The Role of a Learning Management System in your course
Learning Management Systems can be used to differing degrees thereby serving a range of different roles to your course.
Your level of experience with course management tools as well as your expectations of them in relation to your course(s)
will help you establish the way in which you will use this resource in your teaching. Consider the below questions when
considering the specific course management tool you will be using:
Do I want this tool to have a supplement role to my course?
In the supplemental role, Learning Management Systems allow students to access course materials such as the course
syllabus, an assignment schedule, or instructor contact information. While these materials are useful to students they are
not critical to the course and therefore the course management toll plays a role in supplementing a traditional classroom
Do I want this tool to have an essential role to my course?
In an essential role, the student cannot be a productive member of the course without regular access to the course
management tool being used as most of the course content and materials are provided through the tool.
Do I want this tool to have a communal role to my course?
In providing a communal role, the course management tool is set up to build a community of learners where students are
expected to make consistent use of materials and learning activities that are designed to create this communal
Do I want this tool to have a virtual role in my course?
In this role, students rarely meet in a traditional classroom setting; instead the course is delivered primarily or completely
through a course management tool. All course materials, learning activities, and assignments are accessed and completed
through the tool. Students may play a role in generating course content through discussions, real-time chats and
What is a social networking tool?
The internet is now a central part of the way we communicate with each other. Social networking tools drive this online
communication as they create a web-based atmosphere for socializing with each other. Users interact within this online
community via email, instant messaging or posts allowing for the sharing of ideas, interests and information.
Social networking Tools @ Queen's
Facebook was originally designed by three computer science undergraduate students at Harvard University. Facebook was
originally intended to provide college and university students with an online space to meet other students, share interests
and social activities with each other. Facebook users can design a personal profile with information about them, join social
networks based on school, city, workplace, etc. then add friends to view other profiles. Text-based messages, photos, and
videos can be shared between users as individuals build their own profile and interact with the profiles of their friends.
A wiki is defined as a collaborative website whose content can be edited by anyone who has access to it. Wikipedia is a
popular example of a wiki – an online encyclopedia that is written by anyone who chooses to edit it. Generally, no
qualifications are required to add or change content on a wiki. A central concept of a wiki is that it is a collaborative,
socially-defined collection of information continually edited to reflect society and understanding of given constructs. For a
great example of a wiki here at Queen's Visit: https://wiki.queensu.ca/display/escb/Home. This wiki, "Engaging Students
in the Classroom and Beyond", Provides a space for members of the Queen's Community to create and share thoughts with
MSN Messenger is an instant messaging application that allows a user to sign into an account, create a list of contacts then
chat with them by sending messages back and forth. Instant messaging means the moment a user sends a message to
another online friend, the friend receives the message and can respond instantly. The result it a text-based, continuous
online conversation between users. MSN messenger has proven to be useful in the academic setting: students often talk
with other students, some professors sign onto MSN to converse with their students, and support personnel, such as library
or IT Support, use MSN as a way to provide support over the internet.
Blogs are a website or web-page maintained by an individual who makes regular entries similar to journals. The written
content might be a commentary, description of events or report of experiences sometimes supplemented by photos or
videos. Academically, blogs may be used to facilitate reflective learning as students post thoughts, share resources, read,
reflect and comment on the posts made by others. Through continued use of blogs, knowledge communities are
constructed within which students interact and develop a collective understanding of constructs.
Why use social networking tools?
Social networking tools have developed as the internet has become imbedded in our daily lives. While originally not
designed for academic purposes, the use of social networking tools in academia has been considered due to its popularity
with today's generation of students. The chart below outlines some of the pros and cons being considered in the debate of
social networking tools to academics.
Students engage with these tools every day. An academic
application of these programs means they are available to
students in a way that makes sense to them
These tools provide for social interaction outside of academics. Just like
students wouldn’t like their professors to be at the dance club on Saturday
night, they would like to keep social networks social
Social Networking Tools allow for interaction with a large
population at once. For example, a Facebook post written once
might be read by hundreds.
Online socializing does not allow for face-to-face interaction and, for the
most part, limits communication to text-based messages.
Through the internet, social networking tools allow for
discussion outside of formal environments any time anywhere. The quality of discussion is arguably decreased as text-based messages
loose important cues that help us interpret information such as vocal
intonation and facial expression.