Study Guides (380,000)
CA (150,000)
Queen's (5,000)
POLS (300)
POLS 110 (100)
Final

POLS 110 Study Guide - Final Guide: Judicial Activism, Kleptocracy, Meritocracy


Department
Political Studies
Course Code
POLS 110
Professor
Kim Richard Nossal
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 19 pages of the document.
1
POLS110B: Exam Review (April 2013):
Week 1:
Politics goes BEYOND the monadic definition
- The monadic definition: focusing on one primary element as the most important
for understanding a phenomenon
o This is attractive bc of the comfort of a pithy definition like Lasswell’s
(who gets what, when and how) AND it simplifies a complex phenomena
o This is problematic because of the complexity and interconnectedness of
politics
Week 2:
Politics IS about:
- Political ideas
- The community and its affairs: community rather than individual, public rather
than private
- Interests and their intersection
o Values, preferences, priorities, wants, needs, etc (you articulate and pursue
these interests)
o They intersect bc you have interests that are congruent with each other,
that conflict with each other and that are discrete because they exist in
separate spheres and do not interact w each other
- Power, influence, and authority
o The process by which some have their interests reflected in outcome and
some do not (Luke’s view on power)
- Rules
o The way in which communities are organized
o Politics about rules as broadly defined as you can make them
- Governance: choosing the rules
- Interconnections
o Multidimensional definition analysis of interconnections
o What we see around us is a reflection of particular sets if dominant
interests
Governance:
- Making authoritative choices for and about the community
- Ensuring that decisions are implemented by exercising power, influence and
authority
- Not simply about making decisions, it’s about following through
Governance vs. Government:
- Governance: the process of decision making, regulation, and enforcement
- Government: the institutions established to undertake the process of governance
(the state)
- One does not necessarily need a govn’t to engage in governance
o Stateless societies: have not invented a state, but have institutions of govnt

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

2
Week 3:
Comparing Societies:
Stateless Societies:
Societies Governed By States:
- No continuous organization
- Continuously organized
- No institutionalization
- Highly institutionalized
- No codification of rules
- Rules codified
- No monopoly on use of force
- Monopoly on use of force
- Classless society
- Classes: division of labour
- No separation of governors from
governed
- Separation of governors from
governed
Functions of the State:
- Define the community
o Who belongs, who doesn’t
- Conduct relations with the other
o Other political communities
o Ensure that Other(s) will not be able to
destroy/enslave/kill/raid/subordinate
- Maintain internal order
o Ambiguous maintenance of order to prevent chaos, maintenance of
privilege/power, etc.
o State = deeply conservative institution patterns we see are reproduced
into future, state is committed to this reproduction
o Revolutions overturn existing order, but these revolutions establish a new
order and quickly become conservative
- Engage in economic redistribution (produce, labour, capita, goods, income, etc)
- Establish and maintain community infrastructure (“public works”)
The state and political authority:
- No state can perform these functions by power alone
- AUTHORITY IS CRUCIAL
o Force is unpredictable, therefore it is costly
o Other tools such as sanction and coercion require a lot of effort, therefore
is also costly
o The issue of an order=cheap and costless BUT there is the cost of rejection
o When authority is challenged, has to be dealt with for fear that challenge
will increase
o State operates by virtue of issuing commands, the governed obeys
commands
Supreme political authority:
- In antiquity, locus of supreme authority located in particular institution/individual

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

3
- Nswt (Egyptian word for supreme political authority, no one knows how it’s
pronounced), oba, basileu, archon, imperator, pontifex maximus, consul
- These terms are designed to locate within political communities those who
wielded supreme political authority
- In antiquity, idea of political authority not well articulated
o TODAY, we have well-developed ideology of supreme political authority
What is sovereignty?
- Ability of state to do whatever it likes w/o pressure
- Self-governing
- Recognition of others’ ability to be supreme political authority
- Control
What sovereignty is NOT:
- NOT simply ability to govern yourself and make decisions as opposed to being
governed by others THIS IS INDEPENDENCE
- NOT the ability to mak decisions as one pleases THIS IS AUTONOMY
- Problem w independence/autonomy: all political communities want to be both
independent and autonomous
The federal European order:
- What sustained the feudal order?
- Religious pope had ability to determine state of grace of the populations in
Europe, pope had power to take away state of grace (immense power), if you died
not in state of grace, you’d burn in hell, pope = huge capacities to bend local
rulers to his will
- Economic: subsistent economy reproduced, every worker tied to local estate
- Military: ability of local rulers to defend themselvess
- Cosmological: Europeans = ignorant understanding of world (called Dark Ages bc
limited understanding); dominant view = authority derived legitimacy from God
himself
Collapse of feudalism:
- Religious changes: challenges to authority of Roman Church belief that it had
become decadent/corrupt needed to be resistant needed reform
emergence of Protestants leads to fundamental changes to how Pope could
exercise authority
- Economic changes: emergence of trade, transformation from feudal estate to cities
break ties that kept serfs in particular location
- Military changes: Knights in armor immune to destruction until invention of
crossbow
- Cosmological/intellectual/ideational changes: Dark Ages ended w Renaissance
(rebirth of Greek/Roman ideas about world) rediscovery of Greek/Roman idea
that origin of politics is in human behavior Church actively sought to keep
population/governors ignorance in order to derive their power w/ expansion of
printing press, monopoly of Churh was broken (collapse of structures)
- Changes were interrelated and interacting to produce a radical shift in beliefs/practices
initially slow changes, eventually created what we call THE MODERN STATE
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version