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POLS 110 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Antihumanism, Rationality, Environmentalism


Department
Political Studies
Course Code
POLS 110
Professor
Oded Haklai
Study Guide
Midterm

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POLS 110a – Week 12 – Environmentalism
Environmentalism
Earlier societies had closer links to the landscape therefore were less capable of
widespread damage. Changes in obvious environmental damage after the industrial
revolution lead to…
First Wave of Environmentalism
oearly anti-industry “utopian socialists” and anarchists
oMarx’s critique of “alienation from nature” as part of his critique of
capitalism
ofascist links to people and the landscape
Second Wave of Environmentalism
A response to the recognition of the impact humans were now having on the
environment
International Panel on climate change report
o95% certainty that human activity causes “global
warming”
jump in ability to destroy the environment
likelihood of dramatic impact on the planet
expectation that the wars of this century will be about water
growing numbers of environmental refugees
cost of environmental damage are not borne by those who
cause it
climate change is more prominent now, as is its list of
concerns
Free Market Environmentalism
an emphasis on individual solutions (Liberalism -- most common form)
buy green
invest green = voluntary restraints on behaviour
problematic: doesn’t challenge contemporary political culture based on individualism
Reform Environmentalism
government intervention is needed because of high risk to the environment
conflict between corporate (profit) and individual needs
government can and should influence individual decision making (eg. carbon
tax)
government can and should assist in reducing risks
= government intervention combined with individual efforts
Radical and Social Environmentalism
capitalist drive for constant growth is at odds with planetary limits
social democratic solutions are risky because state power depends on
supporting capitalism
ostates will not want to increase taxes
both human and non-human life has intrinsic value
Different/Radical Social Environmentalisms
Deep Ecology: separation of culture from nature often with anti-humanist bio-
centric rhetoric
Eco-socialism: democratization of economy to allow for alternatives to growth
Social Ecology: end to all domination including domination of/from nature
(anarchist influence of Bookchin)
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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