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PSYC 100 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Scientific Method, Statistical Inference, Confounding

Course Code
PSYC 100
Jordan Poppenk
Study Guide

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Lesson 1-2
1. Through their research on human responses to physical stimuli, both Helmholtz and
Fechner contributed to the beginning of: psychophysics
2. Which of the following approaches to psychology was most likely to reject the idea
that mental events are an appropriate subject matter for study in psychology?
3. Rationalism is to _____________as empiricism is to ______. Logic, observation
4. Which is most accurate? Psychologists study mental processes and behaviour
5. The concept of natural selection is most important for psychologists interested in
the _____________________ of behaviour. Functions
6. Structuralism is to __________ as functionalism is to __________. Elements of
consciousness, purpose of consciousness
7. Psychology arose in the nineteenth century from developments in a number of
areas, primarily: Science and philosophy
8. Which of the following is not true: Psychologists use introspection to study
9. If psychology can be defined as the science of behaviour and the mind, why are the
data in psychology always drawn from behaviour? Behaviour can be observed mind
10. Is psychology most closely related to: Biology
11. Mean is to __________ as standard deviation is to __________. Central tendency,
12. Suppose that you conduct an experiment to study the effects of love on improving
children's self concepts. To manipulate love, you allow a research assistant to hug
each child after he or she has successfully completed a set of math problems. After
the study is over, you ask the children if they felt loved during the study. They all say
no. Apparently, your operational definition of your independent variable is: Invalid
13. Suppose a researcher finds a correlation between the amount of time university
students spend on Faeook variale A and the student’s grades variale B. The
researcher can reasonably conclude: None of the above
14. Only __________ involve the manipulation of independent variables. Experiments
15. In psychological research, the term generalization refers to: concluding that the
results obtained from a sample can also be applied to the larger population
16. Dr. Lemieux wants to determine if a group of participants reading on computer
screens will read more pages of text in one hour than a group of participants reading
on paper. She assigns students sitting at the front of the class to be in the
"computer" condition and students at the back of the class to be in the "paper"
condition. In this experiment seating location is: a confounding variable
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