Study Guides (380,000)
CA (150,000)
Queen's (5,000)
PSY (600)
PSYC 100 (200)
Midterm

PSYC100 Midterm: I got 97 in the course, this study guide will help you get an A


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 100
Professor
Caroline F Pukall
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 40 pages of the document.
Psyc101
Weeks 1 - 11
2015 - 2016
Contents:
Week #1: Introduction…………………………....1-2
Week #2: Research Methods and Statistics.....3-4
Week #3: Genetics & Evolution…………………5-8
Week #4: Learning………………………………...9-12
Week #5: The Neuron…………………………….13-16
Week #6: Neuropsychology & Neuroscience..17-21
Week #7: Consciousness & Sleep……………..22-24
Week #8: Psychophysics & Transduction…....25-27
Week #9: The Visual System…………………....28-31
Week #10: Other Senses…………………………32-36
Week #11: Memory………………………………..37-40
Week #1: Introduction & History

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

1
Psychology: The scientific study of behaviour, thought, and experience.
How is psychology is relevant to many different professions?
Specializations in Psychology:
Biological Clinical
Developmental Educational
Social Cognitive
Comparative Industrial-Organizational
Fields Related to Psychology:
Medicine Education
Business Humanities
Ethics Engineering
Philosophical Roots of Psychology:
Empiricism: a philosophical belief that knowledge comes through experience. It
means that knowledge learned about the world is based on observations. (Seeing is
believing).
Rationalism: the pursuit of truth through reason and logic. Rationalists analyze and
create reason for observations. (Reasoning optical illusions).
Structuralism: breaking complex phenomena down to their smallest components
and then study these components, assuming that if they understand all the parts,
they will understand the whole. (A brick wall has layer by layer of bricks that make
up the wall).

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

2
Functionalism: knowledge through understanding utility. They examine
behaviours, traits, and perceptions by asking, “What are they for?” This focus on
purpose was influenced by Charles Darwin and evolutionary thought. (Asking “why
do we perceive apples?”)
Psychology & Other Sciences:
Psychology is a medium between social science and natural science as it explains
the functioning of mental processes but also examines group interactions and
relations.
Scientific method: a standardized way of making observations, gathering data,
forming theories, testing predictions, and interpreting results.
1. Make theories that inform hypotheses
2. Confirm or reject the generated hypotheses.
3. Use the results to update theories.
Characteristics of a Good Theory:
1. Explain many different observations and situations.
2. Generate new predictions (hypotheses).
Week #2: Research Methods & Statistics:
Components of an Experiment:
Verifiability: a theory is verifiable if it can be tested by others (a theory that’s based
off of research rather than a theory made about something that happened once).
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version