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PSYC 235 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: The 3Ds, Evil Eye, Psychopathology


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 235
Professor
Meredith Chivers
Study Guide
Midterm

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What is Abnormal? Historical Conceptions of Abnormality
CH 1
What is psychopathology? It is the scientific study of psychological disorders.
A prognosis is the anticipated course of a disorder.
Etiology, or the study of origins, has to do w/ why a disorder begins (what causes it), bio, social and
psychological dimensions.
There is no universal standard for abnormal.
UNFORTUNATELY the definition of abnormal is a means of social control
Unusualness
Is the beh. unusual or rare (unusual for a large pop)
If something is statistically infrequent then it is unusual
Not all rare or unusual beh are problematic eg IQ
Maladaptive beh
The 3D’s: Dysfunction, Distress and Deviance
Con: This process is often subjected to the disclosure of the client problem is they may not
want to tell us their problems
Context is very important when it comes to defining what is abnormal. In diff parts of the world beliefs
about things, eg the evil eye and warding off evil spirits with garlic, may not be abnormal in the context
of culture.
Ancient Greeks believed in a
biological model: the idea that
psychology and our mental
states are based off our
biological functions.
In other ancient civilizations
there were many other
beliefs; hysteria among
women that needed to be
cured drilling holes in the
skull to allow demons to
escape trephination…
supernatural
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Theories of Psychopathology & Research Methods Review
CH 2 & 4
4
Correlational Research Types of correlation research
Evaluating correlational research
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