PSYC 231 - Chapter 11 - George Kelly

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PSYC 231
Angela Howell- Moneta

Chapter 11: George Kelly: Personal Construct Theory Cognitive Approach: the ways in which people come to know their environment and themselves - Perceive, evaluate, learn, think, make decisions, and solve problems - Do not find needs, drives, or emotions as separate activities of the personality – they are aspects controlled by the cognitive processes Personal Construct Theory: we are capable of interpreting behaviours and events and of using this understanding to guide our behaviour and to predict the behaviour of other people - To understand personality, we must first understand our patterns, the way we organize or construct the world - Denied the behavioural and psychoanalytic approaches – denied human ability to take charge of our lives, make our own decisions, and pursue our chosen course of action Personal Construct Theory Construct: an intellectual hypothesis that we devise and use to interpret or explain life events Constructive alternativism: the idea that we are free to revise or replace our constructs if needed Ways of Anticipating Life Events - Theory organized into a fundamental postulate and 11 corollaries - Fundamental postulate: our psychological processes are directed by the ways in which we anticipate events 1. The Construction Corollary - Because repeated events are similar, we can predict or anticipate how we will experience such an event in the future 2. The Individuality Corollary - People perceive events in different ways 3. The Organization Corollary - We arrange our constructs in patterns, according to our view of their similarities and differences - Typically we organize our constructs into a hierarchy - Relationships among constructs are usually more enduring that the specific constructs themselves 4. The Dichotomy Corollary - Constructs are bipolar; for example, if we have an opinion about honesty, that idea must also include the concept of dishonesty 5. The Choice Corollary - We choose the alternative for each construct that works best for us, the one that allows us to predict the outcome of anticipated events 6. The Range Corollary - Our constructs may apply to many situations or people, or they may be limited to a single person or situation 7. The Experience Corollary - We continually test our constructs against life’s experiences to make sure they remain useful 8. The Modulation Corollary - We may modify our constructs as a function of new experiences 9. The Fragmentation Corollary - We may sometimes have
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