• Ramayana: Straightforward story, composed in ballad style, clearly lays down moral laws.
• Mahabharata: Much more complicated story with numerous shades of grey but also deals with
• The Bhagavad Gita: A part of the Mahabharata. The book that bridges the gap between the
Vedas and the Upanishads.
• Difference between Vedic and Vedas
• There are only four Vedas they are texts
• Vedic is a historical time bracket. The Upanishads fall in the Vedic period.
• The epics span over longer time but they too have their roots in the Vedic period.
• Stories play a vital role to maintain social order
• It reiterates the moral code and shows us the consequence of transgressing them
• They are accessible to all
• They serve as a bridge between the rituals and philosophical ideas
• They create role models
The Significance of the Epics
• The foundations of legal and moral code
• The promise of hope
• Empowering the holy trinity, particularly Vishnu
• The birth of the hero god
• The hero god and the birth of faith and devotion.
The Bhagavad Gita
• Dialogue between Krishna and Arjuna at the battlefield
• 18 chapters
• Out of all the texts we have seen so far the Gita has the greatest international appeal
• Many would argue that it is THE text that defines Hinduism (I disagree but it’s a popular point of
**Words and main ideas to remember**
Difference between the Vedas and Vedic:
The names of the four Vedas: ___________________________________________________________
Rig Veda: ___________________________________________________________________________
Yajur Veda: ______