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QUIZ ANSWERS.docx


Department
Social Sci, Edu and Soc Work - Sociology
Course Code
SOCY 122
Professor
Rob Beamish
Study Guide
Quiz

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- the contemplative (consciousness) level, we of Frye’s engagement levels, the intellect is active.
- frye says the science and arts are close together psychologically.
- Alexander says in the post ww2 period, the dominant concept was parsons’ structural functionalism
- discourse from a sociological view is the use of a reasoned argument that seeks to persuade through its qualities such
as logical coherence, expansiveness of scope and rhetorical force.
- to giddens, social action is recursive practices ordered across space and time.
- bourdieu’s 4 types of capital are:
1. Social
2. Economic
3. Cultural
4. Symbolic
- giddens says the “duality of structure” in social theory refers to the notion that structures enable and constrain social
action.
- to integrate structure and agency, pierre bourdieu introduces:
habitus:
field:
-work is the basic to physical existence, a universal condition of human life, one of the basic elements to human
creativity, and a relationship of power.
- in das capital, marx argued that the worst of architects could be distinguished from the best of bees because the
architect’s result began as an idea.
: for marx, under capitalist production, the worker didn’t own the product of his or her labour, control the production
process, or fulfill his creative potential, only in competition with fellow workers. This form of labour is alienation.
-the employer/employee relationship is best described as in constant dynamic tension
- one of the most significant outcomes of Frederick winslow taylor’s scientific management was the separation of
planning from execution in the production process.
: one of the key focals of taylor’s scientific management was
task idea:
- the genius of henry ford was insistence on the standardization and interchangeable parts to his cars.
- unions are secondary organizers
: data shows unionized workers have better compensation packages than non unionized.
: to be in the position to strike, unions must mobilize along the membership with willingness to pay and a willingness to
act.
: to increase power, unions must place collective interests above individual.
: owners have power over employees because capital is a fluid resource that can be withdrawn from one industry to
another easily.
: when workers strike, balance of power stays with employers because labour-power is inseperable from the worker.
: the actions of unions are dialogical because membership and leaders must decide goals.
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