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Socy Winter Study Guide.doc

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCY 122
Professor
Rob Beamish
Semester
Winter

Description
Sociology122Winter2013StudyGuideWeek13ThinkingSociologicallyPartIFryesthreelevelsofengagemento1ContemplativeWeobservecontemplateandspeculateabouttheworldaroundusClassifyintellectassessemotionso2ActionWherepeoplebecomeactiveinengagingwiththeworldaroundthemBegintohumanizetheworldintellectandemotionsacttogethero3ImaginationWhenpeoplebegintoimaginedifferenttypesofpossibilityCreativethoughtwhatisimaginativelypossibleemotionsusingintellectoAteachlevelthehumanmindisengagedwiththeworldScienceasFryepointsoutoStemsfromtheintellectoEmphasisonobservationandclassificationgraspsregularitiesofintheworldoAlsodrawsuponcreativityofemotionsandimaginationArtsasFryepointsoutoStemsfromtheemotionsoLimitlesspotentialoThereisnoprogressbutcomparativestandardsofexcellenceoAlsodrawsupontheintellecttoemployaspectsofrealityandlifeexperiencewithimaginationLogicalPositivismGoalso1LanguageandideasprecedeobservationLanguageandconceptsthenshapeobservationo2Seekprecisescientifictermslanguageofscienceo3SeekunityacrosssciencesnaturalandsocialThomasKuhnoRecognizedthatscienceprogressedbutrejectedthedevelopmentbyaccumulationexplanationforscientificprogressoNotedthatscientificclassificationandobservationstemsfromaparticularparadigmdisciplinarymatrixeveryoneusedthesameframeworktoobservetheworldAnyfindingsthatdidntfitintotheparadigmweredismissedmarginalizedsupressedorcreativelyintegratedintotheparadigmscientificrevolutionestablishesanewparadigmoNosingledisciplinarymatrixhasfullydominatedthesocialsciencesMichelFoucaultoWroteTheOrderofThingsoArguedthathumankindmustcreateorderinitsworldifitistoobserveclassifyandfunctionwithintheworldoThisprimaryleveloforderingbeginswithanEpistemeafundamentalcodeofacultureFromFoucaultsworkweknowthatallareasofknowledgetheartsscienceproduceperceiveorderonthebasisofthesameepistemeHumanengagementwiththeworldisorderedbytheprevailingepistemeThemodernepistemeordersperceptiontoordertheworldassomethingthatisconstantlyundergoingchangedevelopmentandprogressOrthodoxConsensusoThisoccurredfromthelate1940sto1960s
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