SOCY 122 Final: Summary of Week 3-24, very thorough notes!

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Sociology Notes
1
Week 2
THE MILLENIALS PART ONE (npp 2)
Baby boomers (1945- 1960)
Generation X (1961- 81)
Generation Y or “Gen Y” (1982- 2000)
Echo boom
The millennials (turn 18 at the millennium)
o “helicopter parent” Rely on adult direction, assurance, confirmation (parental)
o Time management a problem- highly packed schedules- “just do it”
o Sense of entitlement- less self critical
o Contradictory value systems
o Powerful sense of individualism
o Less historical awareness and fewer life experiences
THE MILLENIALS PART TWO (npp 3)
Pages 9-14
Michael Wesch video “A Vision
o Talks about how we multitask too much
o Our links to technology
THE MEDIUM IS THE MESSAGE (npp 4)
Pages 14-18
Messages in the media
Marshall McLuhan argues that different types of mediums offer different messages
Hot mediums:
When it plays the most important role in delivering the message
Hot elements within the comic book are what the characters within the comic book
(doesn’t leave room for the reader to interpret)
McLuhan’s point was the more hot mediums consumed, the less one develops those
interpretative capacities
Millennials: surrounded by hot media, fails to provide them with the opportunity to
develop their interpretive capacities
Cooler mediums:
Example: a comic book
It demands the reader to subconsciously construct the message that cartoon intends, or
that the reader perceive
Constructive creative capacity is one aspect of the message that is carried by a cool
medium
Digital media are ice cold and molten hot
o Different message
o Can alter the message
REVIEW OF WEEK 2 AND PRINCIPLES OF LIBERAL EDUCATION (npp 5)
Key concepts:
What is a hot medium?
What is a cool medium?
What does McLuhan mean by: “the medium is the message?”
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Sociology Notes
2
Is the idea of “molten-ice media” useful?
Liberal education:
Helps students pose the question “who am I?”
“What is humankind”?
Resisting the easy answers because others merit careful consideration
Challenging beliefs
Week 3
SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION (npp 6)
Pages 29-43
Natural attitude:
People naturally see themselves from their own personal perspective as individuals
Not sociological
Our everyday stocks of knowledge come largely from the natural attitude
The “web” of social relations (the connection between you and the prof while watching
the npp)
The web is one way to overcome the natural attitude (thinking about being part of a
complex social web)
Locating yourself in the society you live
One’s natural attitude is their common sense
The sociological imagination:
C. Wright Mills (author of Sociological Imagination)
The film “Psycho”
The book and film overlap each other
Mills argued that success and failure is attributed to personal action (or inaction)
The egocentric/ atomistic perspective is restricted and misleading
“Neither the life of an individual nor the history of a society can be understood without
understanding both” (Mills)
He argued that one had to develop a “quality of mind”
Also referred to as the sociological imagination which enables us to grasp history and
biography and the relations between the two within society
That is sociology’s task and promise- the promise of sociology
PERSONAL TROUBLES THREE QUESTIONS (npp 7)
Pages 43- 56
Mills argues that in order to overcome the malaise of modernity people have to develop
a particular quality of mind
“The sociological imagination” quality of mind
It involves grasping history and biography and the relations between the two within
society
Personal troubles of milieu (Mill):
Seen as something that is individual and as a result of their particular immediate
relationship
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Sociology Notes
3
Most people feel that the solution to their troubles lies within themselves and their
immediate surroundings
The solution is up to them, what they want
Character of individual and immediate relations
Solution lies within individual, immediate milieu and willful activity
A trouble is a private matter
Public issue of social structure:
Transcend local environment
Entails organization of many milieux extending into institutions and structures of
historical society
An issue is a public matter
Mill’s three key questions:
1. What is the structure of society as a whole?
o Essential components; differences from other social orders; meaning of
particular features
2. Where does the society stand in history?
o Mechanics of change; development of humanity; periods’ essential features;
characteristic way of making history
3. What varieties of men and women prevail- are coming to prevail?
o How selected, formed, repressed, blunted, liberated; what of “human nature” is
revealed; what is its significance?
INTELLECTUAL CRAFTSMANSHIP (npp 8)
Pages 56-62
Integration of life and work
“Scholarship is a choice of how to live as well as a choice of a career”- Mill
Duality of conception- shifting from one perspective to another (biography and social
structure)
Imagination separates craft worker from technician
Playfulness of mind backed by fierce drive makes sense of the world
Intellectual craft: commitment (Mill):
Active, going commitment to learning
Active, creative reading
Struggle between enlightenment and obscurantism
Empirical information critical to good sociology
“Facts discipline reason”
“Reason is the advanced guard in any field of learning”
Intellectual craft: written words (Mill):
Writing- with precision and fluency
Intellectual craft: keep files (Mill):
Keeping files or a journal
Bring together intellectual problems with life experience
Developing self- reflective habits which helps keep inner world awake
Taking notes- “there mere taking of a note is a prod to reflection
Stimulating the sociological imagination- rearrange the files (paper or electronic)
Focusing on the precise meaning of words/ images
Putting opposites against one another- seeing beyond the contrast
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