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Study Guide

[SOCY 226] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (35 pages long)


Department
Social Sci, Edu and Soc Work - Sociology
Course Code
SOCY 226
Professor
Ryan Martin
Study Guide
Final

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Queen's
SOCY 226
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

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SOCY 226 Lecture 1
Mark Distribution
- Effective Participation 20%
- Paper 1 25%
- Paper 2 25%
- Take home exam 30%
- Assessments
Assessments
- Paper 1 (5 Pages)  Due October 20th
- Paper 2 (5 Pages)  Due November 11th
- Take home Exam (10 Pages)  Due December 14th
What is modern society?
- depending on how “society is defined, descriptions might include:
the continual crisis and pervasiveness of capitalism
the impacts of world wars and associated conflicts
the rise of mass production and mass consumption
the rise and fall of fascism and communism
the rapid urbanization of life
the increased significance of mass media and mass culture
the breakdown of traditional and prominence of science and technology
opositive or negative
otechnologies and science take over the thinking of religion
the struggles for equal rights
the uncertainties around community, identity, belonging and the future
opeoples uncertainty about their future and what they are going to do
ohow they are going to be successful
oreally important in to 20th century for social theory
Why do we need a theory?
- Theory can tell us something new about the world by figuring something out in a
different way which can reveal things we might not have otherwise understood
- Social theory needs to be systematic not just free form thinking
- Social theory can often seem like garbage that docent make sense  or that it can be a
very simple idea that has then ben changed and made into something that seems much
more complicated then it needs to be
Looking for patterns and things that may not be very obvious at first
- We all use theory all the time:
There is an attempt to explain our everyday experience of thr world
- Theory can tell us something new about the world:
The explanation for our experience might be something that we have not directly
experienced at all
- Social theory is employed
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To explain and understand our experience on the basis of other experiences and
general ideas about the world
- Social theory needs to be systematic:
General ideas should be subject to logic, be consistent, and analysed in term of
their ability to explain
- Social theory is often counter-intuitive:
Its propositions are often at odds with our immediate experience and beliefs, and
that is how we learn
What are concepts?
- Concepts are…
Tools of thought that help us to conceive and classify experiences (how do I know
that I line in a “digital culture”)
Contested, disputed and multiply used terms )what do “race”, “class”, or “social”
mean, says who, and for what purpose?)
oWe have to think about why things are being looked at in the light they are
so that we can come up with different ideas
Things that can be “put to work” in the critical analysis of social life (using
“surveillance” to gain a different understanding of social media)
What is modern sociological theory?
- The legacy of Marx: polarized inequalities of power and wealth
- The legacy of Weber: unintended consequences of rationalization
- The legacy of Durkheim: the moral dilemmas of intensive individualism
New perspectives on changing social conditions and institutional life
New concepts to capture the dynamics of social systems and individual lives
New concerns with the self, order, conflict, culture, power, language, and
domination
Some Key Theme in modern thought
- Relationships between the individual and society
- Relations between agency and structure
What is the relative agency – the ability I have to act and the things that stop me
from doing things and shaping who I become
Being told we have unlimited choices but do we really?
- Degrees of consensus and conflict in societies
Why are some societies riveted with conflict and other aren’t?
Why do we as a society have certain worries and others don’t?
- Dynamics of stability and change in societies
How do people know what to do?
Why do we go about our lives in the way we do? Did someone give us a to-do
list?
- The relations between class, gender and ethnicity
- The significance of inequalities on shaping life chances
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