Study Guides (248,409)
Canada (121,518)
Sociology (272)
SOCY 303 (20)
Midterm

SOCY 303 Midterm: Lecture 5 (Week 3)
Premium

6 Pages
42 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOCY 303
Professor
W.Andrew Silver
Semester
Winter

Description
Jan. 17, 2017 SOCY 303 – Lecture # 5 (Week 3) • Last Time: o Technology and knowledge claims o Exclusion and market closure • Today: o Textbook review: Chapters 1-3. 5 o Review Parkin: exclusion and closure o Authority and capital(s) (Bourdieu) o Case studies on knowledge claims:  Timmersmans (2005)  Harrits and Larsen (2016) • Textbook Review: Chapter 1 o Key Concepts  Ascribed status  born into a status (e.g. how gender or race are distributed through professions)  Gendered division of labour  know how did division of labour look in industrial society  Agricultural revolution  created time and place that allowed people to be more creative  turning point for professions  Artisan work/craftwork  Protestant work ethic  as it relates to the development of capitalism • Textbook Review: Chapter 2 o Key Concepts  Achieved status  it is based on ability, effort, training, something they earned (flip side of ascribed status)  Guild  protect the right of workers, how gilds were anti-technology  Apprenticeship  apprenticeship were need to enter gilds; formal education required to become an engineer, pilots, etc. Not only about Jan. 17, 2017 learning new skills but about socialization – learning values and norms of the group. • Textbook Review: Chapter 3 o Key Concepts  Industrial revolution  Capitalism  Adam smith - idea of market economy (IMP); Marx - wage labour and exploitation (imp. to differentiate two different meaning (1) Marxists definition that extracts surplus value (2) exploitation of hours, skills - de-skilling (Baurberman)  Luddism/luddite  group who stands opposed to technology; smash machines worried that machines will replace human labour  Taylorism & scientific management  professional work lose work when tasks are divided  Post-industrialism • Textbook Review: Chapter 5 o Key Concepts  Technology  definition of technology (text); describing scientific knowledge/ applied knowledge  Technological determinism  technology change drives social change  Technological unemployment  Creative destruction  industries and jobs are replaced by better ones; economy advance by destroying older occupation and introducing new occupaations  Ford/Fordism  De-skilling • Professional claims in changing times o Key question: How are professions able to maintain their claims to authority, their autonomy, their expert knowledge in changing times?  Globalization Jan. 17, 2017  Technological change  Social change  Changing labour markets o One way to address this question:  By forming dominant groups and excluding others (Parking 1979) o But, what factors shape who gets access to these dominant groups?  Economic, cultural, social, symbolic capital (Bourdieu) • Authority over knowledge claims (Parkin 1979) o Most powerful groups in society have authority over knowledge claims o “Closure” and “exclusion” key to being part of dominant groups  Closure: ➢ Group strategy of monopolising access to certain rights, privileges, or resources ➢ Legal restrictions are placed on certain items in order to limit the number of people who have access to them: ensures larger shares for fewer people (p.44)  Exclusion: ➢ A “process by which social collectivities seek to maximize rewards by restricting access to resources and opportunities to a limited circle eligible” (Parking, p.44) ➢ Two primary forms of exclusion
More Less

Related notes for SOCY 303

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit