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SOCY 303 Midterm: Lecture 6 (Week 3)

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SOCY 303
W.Andrew Silver

Jan. 17, 2017 SOCY 303 – Lecture # 6 (Week 3) • Last Time: o Textbook review: Chapter 1-3, 5 o Review Parkin: exclusion and closure o Authority and capital(s) (Bourdieu) o Case studies on knowledge claims: Timmersmans (2005) • Professional claims in changing times o Key question: How are professions able to maintain their claims to authority, their autonomy, their expert knowledge in changing times?  Globalization  Technological change  Social change  Changing labour markets o One way to address this question:  By forming dominant groups and excluding others (Parking 1979) o But, what factors shape who gets access to these dominant groups?  Economic, cultural, social, symbolic capital (Bourdieu) • Today: o Case studies on knowledge claims: Harrits and Larsen (2016) o Essay assignment outline o A professional continuum and professionalization o When does a profession become a profession?  What are holistic nutritional professionals?  Professionalizing complementary and alternative practitioners (CAMs)  Emergency ambulance work • Harrits and Larsen (2016) o What’s important here:  Discussion of professional authority and individualization Jan. 17, 2017 ➢ As new technology develops and society develops professions will decrease ➢ Constant battle for boundaries in professions  Discussion of authority as comprising both social authority and cultural authority  Comparison of teachers and physicians’ claims to authority over long (60 years) period (Denmark)  Application of Parkin’s concept of closure, dual closure (p.166) • A professional continuum o Paraprofessional  semi-professional  professional  Paraprofessional  occupational groups that provide direct support for professionals. E.g. paralegals provide direct support to lawyers  Semi-professional  some sophisticated knowledge that is independent from professional. E.g. nurses, teachers  Professional  have all knowledge required to be a professional. E.g. physician, lawyers o How would you classify a teaching assistant (TA)?  Paraprofessional – provide direct support to professors o How many “core” properties do an occupation have?  Semi-professionals only display a partial set of “core” properties  Required properties for professions – education, specialized knowledge, autonomy o Why are nurses considered semi-professions? What properties are they missing?  They do work independently from doctors but lack exclusivity over knowledge, thus they have to defer authority to professional group (doctors)  Key component of semi-professions  deferring authority to professionals o Traditional professionals represent “ideal type” (weber)  Sharing characteristics. E.g. lawyers – share autonomy, regulation, education, etc. Jan. 17, 2017 o “An ideal type is formed by the one-sided accentuation of one or more points of view and by the synthesis of a great many diffuse, discrete, more or less present and occasionally absent concrete individual phenomena, which are arra
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