These are the 2 stages of construction

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Department
Architectural Science
Course
ASC 102
Professor
Arthur Wrigglesworth
Semester
Fall

Description
Pre-DesignCHOP2.3.4 o Occurs beforethecommencementofschematicdesign o Architectsarequalifiedtoprovearangeofpre-designservicessuchas: ƒ Feasibilitystudies ƒ Organization&strategicplanning ƒ Siteanalysis&selection ƒ Financial&businessplan ƒ Buildingsurveys,audits,measured ƒ Re-zoning drawings ƒ Organizingarchitectural ƒ Functionaldrawings competition ƒ Masterplans ƒ Arrangingforpurposecall o Activitiesareadditionalserviceswiththepossibleexceptionofbasicsiteanalysis TheConsultantTeam -Most pre-designservicesrequirespecialexpertise,sothearchitectassemblesaconsultantteamby: ƒ Identifyingspecializedknowledge ƒ Beingawareofthe fullrangeoftheirowncapabilitiesasproblemsolvers ƒ Stayingupto date inspecializedfields Most architectsare aboutto: ƒ provideoverviewthatpre-designinvolves ƒ understandingtheneedsoftheclient Architectsact as leadersindesignteamsofconsultantsprovidingpre-designservices. In additiontodesignprofessionals(engineersandlandscapearchitects),theymayneedtoengage outsideconsultantsfor:seefulllist in CHOP 2.3.4 ƒ functionalprogramming ƒ realestateapproval ƒ urban planning ƒ marketresearch ƒ spaceplanning ƒ historicalresearch ƒ cost estimating ƒ environmentalplanning FeasibilityStudies o functionalprograms,generalspacerequirementstoidentifyscopeofproject o studiesofurbandesignobjective o environmentalimpactanalysis o financialstudies(costsofoperatingandmaintenance) o potentialsites,valueofland o workschedules o etc.seeCHOP 2.3.4 forentirelist www.notesolution.com Feasibilitystudiesexamine: ƒ officialplansandcommunityplans ƒ zoningandlanduse control ƒ designatedactivitydistrictsandherritageincities ƒ transportationissues ƒ buildingcodes ƒ environmentalissues ƒ civicdesignpanels Theyassess: ƒ existingstructuresandadaptivere-useforthefuture ƒ valueofheritageconservation Governmentsareunderpressuretoreducecapitalspendingonpublicprojects.Thisiswhyfor governmentclients,feasibilitystudiesmayincludeexplorationofeconomicspartnershipswithprivate sector. µL š]}Lo9Œ}2ŒKK]L2;::^‰Œ}oKÁooZššZ]ZoŒÇZoZ}oÀ_ o a.k:Z]2LŒ]Z7 ]o]š]Z‰Œ}2ŒKZ7Œ Z]š šµŒo‰Œ}2ŒKZ7}ÁLŒ[ZZššKLš} requirement,spaceneedsanalysis o developedbetweenthearchitectandclientanddefinestheproblem,canresultinbetterdesign o describestherequirementswhichabuildingmustsatisfyinordertoenhancehumanactivity o Œ Z]š šKµZšÆK]LšZ o]Lš[ZÁ}Œo]Lš]o o architectshouldidentify,researchandobserveusersoftheproposedbuilding o architectdevelopsapproximatefloorareas o architectshouldadviceclientofalternatives(costwise) o finalfunctionalprogramisareportincluding: o bubbleanddiagrams o o]LšZ2}oZ7Z]Œ^]K2_ o sizeofspaces o ‰Œo]K]LŒÇµ2š;: ProgrammingSkills N organizationsbehaviour N futureobjective N successmeasurement N socialresponsibility N decisionmaking Architectneedstohavegoodinterpersonalandfacilitatingskills. www.notesolution.com Ifstakeholdersinabuildingprojecthaveconflictingviews,architectmustclarifyissues,andfindthebest compromise. Datamanagementtiestogetherall infoinafunctionalprogram.Architectmustpresentthisdatatoclient to enableclienttomakeeffectivedecisions. BOMA- BuildingOwnersandManagersAssociation SiteAnalysis N evaluationofexistingorpotentialsitetothebuildingprogram,budget,andconstruction schedule N /LÀ}oÀZš }oo š]}L~ o]Kš7ZÌŒZ7‰Œ}‰ŒšÇ; N Zoningandotherregulations(floorarearatio,permittedarea,parking,etc.) MasterPlanning N Long termdevelopmentstrategiesforsites N Followsafterfunctionalprogramming N EZšo]ZZZ‰Œ} ZZ}šZ‰Œ}2ŒK[ZZš2]K‰oKLšš]}L}ÀŒš]K OrganizationalPlanning N Organizedplanforalterationsofthebuilding,whichthearchitectisinvolved FinancialPlanning N Usuallyaddressedinpre-design N Generalcostplanning N Typically‰ŒZLšZ^‰Œ}}ŒK_]L oµ]L2]LL ]L2 }ZšZ7ŒšZ}ŒšµŒL; N @Z]Z‰oLZZ}µo]Lš]Ç^Z}ÁKµ Zµ]o]L2KµZšµ]ošM_~Z }‰}‰Œ}E š N Establishescapitalcostofunitareabasis Definitions FeasibilityStudy:Areportwhichoutlinestheresearchandsubsequentanalysistodeterminethe variabilityandpracticabilityofaproject.Afeasibilitystudyanalyzeseconomic,financial,market. FunctionalProgram:Awrittenstatementwhichdescribesvariouscriteriaanddatafora buildingproject, includingdesignobjectives,siterequirementsandconstraints,spatialrequirements&relationships, buildingsystemsandequipment,andfutureexpandability. Pre-Z]2L^ŒÀ] [email protected]Œ Z]š šµŒoZŒÀ] Z‰Œ}À]‰Œ]}Œš}šZšŒ]š]}Lo^Z] ZŒÀ] Z_}µšo]L scope,includingafinancialandschedulingplan. www.notesolution.com SchematicDesignCHOP2.3.5 o o]Lš[ZŒ‹µ]ŒKLšZLZ]ŒZZZµKŒ Z]š šµŒo}ŒK: o Architectcan providecreativityandabilitytosynthesisrequirements o Clientandarchitectdiscusskeyissuesofprojectandagreeonan architecturalformto accommodatethem o Œ Z]š ššZšZ o]Lš[Z‰Œ}2ŒK7oÁÇZl‰]L2 }Zšlµ2š]LK]L7Z]Zoš}EµZšl ZL2 theprogram detailsinthisstage.(finetuningelements) o Architectassemblesdesignteamto: ƒ Investigatenewtypesofconstruction Client/ArchitectRelationship o Bestwhenclientactivelyparticipatesinthedevelopmentofthedesign o Architectmustencouragecommunicationandensurealldesignissuesandconstructionbudgets are opento discussion. o Minutesofmeetingsshouldbetakendown o Architectshouldsuggestthatclientprovidetimelyapprovalsandinfoonfunctionrequirements InformationRequiredatSchematicDesign o Clientisresponsibleforprovidingadesignbrieforfunctional programaddressing: ƒ Functionalandspatialrelationships ƒ Flexibility ƒ Specialequipment ƒ Siterequirements ƒ Constructionbudget ƒ Timeschedule Clientisalsoresponsibleforfulldocumentationofthesite.(legalsurveys,reports,etc) Architectmayhelpclienš]šZÇ}L[šZÀoošZŒ‹µ]Œ]L}7µšZµ22ZššZššZ o]Lš2}Z Z‰ ]o]Zšš}‰Œ}À]L ZZŒÇ]L}7ZŒ Z]š š[Zo]]o]šÇ]LZµŒL }ZL[š }ÀŒZµ-consultants. o /Œ Z]š šL o]Lš}L[šZÀLµLŒZšL]L2}šZ‰Œ}E š7]šwillbedelayed. o Beforeproceedingtodetaileddesign,architectsmustmeetwithAuthoritiesHaveJurisdiction o A detailedanalysisofthebuildingcodeisnecessaryatthisstage! Space,CirculationandMassingStudies o Architectpreparesseriesofdiagramstocomparativesizeandrelationshipsofnfunctionalareas and spacesprovided o Pedestrianandvehiclecirculationdiagrams o In largeprojectarchitectwillaskclienttoapprovediagrams www.notesolution.com o Usingsketches&blockmodels EngineeringServicesforSchematicDesign o Architectassemblesdesignteam+structural,mechanical,andelectricalengineers o Sub-consultantsmayberequired o Engineeringsub-consultantshelppreparetheconstructionbudgetsubmittedatcompletionof schematicdesign DesignAlternatives:EvaluationandSelection o Architectmaypreparedesignalternativesfortheclienttoconsider o Quickdiagrammaticstudiestoshowcirculation,planning,volumetricaspectswithout architecturaldetail o Architectprovidesbasiclevelofservicesaswellasextensive servicesthatareidentifiedtothe clientasoptionalandadditional BuildingCostAnalysis o Architectpreparespreliminarycostestimatesbasedontheareaorvolumeoftheproposed buildingmultipliedbytheappropriateunitcosts DocumentationandPresentation o Illustratesthefunctionalre
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