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Cells produced in the incision-healing process in the catâs abdomen would be ____ the other cells on her abdomen.
a) half the size of
b) haploid versions of
c) genetically different from
d) genetically identical to
During the same visit, your veterinarian recommended that your cat also receive a vaccination for feline distemper. This vaccine stimulated the catâs immune system to produce which one or more of the following?
a) antigens b) memory cells c) antibodies d) antibiotics e) both b & c
 The male elephant seal (l) is much larger than the female (r) of the species. Males spend very little time raising their young. You would correctly predict that the maleâs size is due primarily to _________ and that he is ___________in his mating habits.
a) natural selection; monogamous
b) sexual selection; polygamous
c) natural selection; polygamous
d) sexual selection; monogamous
 The Good Genes Hypothesis would account for which of the following characteristics of males that attract the most females?
a) Peacock tails, which prevent males from seeing behind them when they court
b) Sailfin molly, a dorsal-finned fish, which are enormous and easily spotted by predators
c) Guppy tailfins, which reduce their swimming speed.
d) Gray tree frogs, that call the longest and produce offspring that mature quickest
e) Fish that produce bright colors, yet have very weak immune systems.
 In mice, a recessive autosomal allele (o) results in obesity because the mice are unable to produce the hormone leptin from their fat cells.Normal mice with the dominant allele (O) do produce leptin. Homozygous recessive (oo) obese mice injected with leptin are observed to lose weight.
In a cross between two mice that are heterozygous for the obesity gene (Oo), you would predict which one of the following?
a) All the offspring will be obese.
b) All the offspring will be normal.
c) 50% of offspring will be able to produce leptin.
d) Obese offspring would eat less and burn more calories if injected with leptin.
e) Fat cells in obese mice release more leptin than those of their normal parents.
 A scientist discovers a new mutant mouse that he calls âChunkyâ because they are 80% heavier than normal mice. Which one or more of the following predictions would be correct?
a) Chunky mice could have the âddâ genotype.
b) Normal mice produce more thyroxin (thyroid hormone) than Chunky mice.
c) Glycolysis would occur more rapidly in Chunky mice than normal mice.
d) A protein that blocks leptin receptors would promote weight loss in all Chunky mice.
e) Both (a) & (b) are correct.
 When she was 6 months old, your cat was surgically altered so that they could not reproduce. This required a small incision into the catâs abdomen to remove the ovaries. This incision healed by a type of cell division called ______.
a) endocytosis b) meiosis c) mitosis d) exocytosis e) fusion
 Cells produced in the incision-healing process in the catâs abdomen would be ____ the other cells on her abdomen.
 During the same visit, your veterinarian recommended that your cat also receive a vaccination for feline distemper. This vaccine stimulated the catâs immune system to produce which one or more of the following?
How did the imagery of witches flying upon broomsticks originate? Historians have found evidence that some medieval European âdrug cultsâ included women who would prepare a potion by grinding up belladonna plants into an extract. Known as an anesthetic and muscle relaxant, this extract was applied using long sticks on the skin for rapid absorption into the bloodstream. The resulting symptoms included slowed breathing, dilated pupils, heavy eyelids, and a delirious sensation of flying.
 If one of these âwitchesâ wanted to counteract her shallow breathing and muscular weakness, you might recommend that she use â¦
a) botulinum toxin--an inhibitor of the release of acetylcholine.
b) calabar beans that contain an inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase.
c) a frog toxin that keeps the sodium ion (Na+) channels of the axon stuck opened.
d) curare, which blocks acetylcholine binding to post-synaptic muscle cells.
e) oubain, a plant toxin which inhibits the Na+/ K+ATPase pump.
After running around, a dog lies down to rest. Which of the following does not describe the flow of heat?
a. The dog loses heat by conduction to the warmer ground. b. The dog loses heat by the evaporation through panting. c. The dog loses heat by convection to the wind. d. The dog gains heat by the radiation from the sun. e. The dog generates heat by respiration.
What is the smallest number of DNA nucleotide sequence changes that must occur to cause a change in one amino acid in a particular protein?
a) 0 b) 1 c) 2 d) 3 e) 64
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PwC settles $5.5bn fraud detection lawsuit
Miami court case shone light on auditors responsibility to detect wrongdoing
PwC has settled a lawsuit brought against it over one of the biggest bank collapses in US history, in a landmark case that shone a light on the responsibility of auditors to detect fraud. The worldâs biggest professional services firm by annual revenues had been accused of failing to catch a multibillion-dollar conspiracy between executives at Taylor, Bean & Whitaker, a defunct mortgage lender, and counterparts at Colonial Bank, an Alabama-based lender that supplied TBW with loans. PwC gave the bankâs parent, Colonial BancGroup, a clean audit opinion for six years until it collapsed in 2009, when it emerged that huge chunks of its loans to TBW were secured against assets that did not exist. The plaintiff, the bankruptcy trustee of TBW, had been seeking $5.5bn plus punitive damages, in the biggest accounting negligence lawsuit ever to go to trial. The decision to settle â for a confidential sum â came four weeks into proceedings in a state court in Miami. âThe case was settled to the mutual satisfaction of the parties,â said PwC. Steven Thomas, lead trial lawyer for the plaintiff, declined to comment on Fridayâs settlement. But speaking broadly, he told the Financial Times: âThe history that has happened here over the last few years, and the fallout of the Great Recession, has shown that what auditors do, matters. Auditors owe ultimate allegiance to the investing public; I think that is becoming more and more clear.â A separate lawsuit filed against PwC by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the regulator, and Colonialâs bankruptcy trustee is pending in Alabama federal court.
Mr Thomasâ team had claimed that PwC was in a position to catch and stop the fraud but missed multiple red flags. In its opening statements, PwC countered that no auditor can reasonably be expected to catch a well-organised and determined fraud. Mr Thomas had raked over what he had described as âthe worst auditâ he had ever seen, grilling the former lead audit partner at PwC over what he claimed were a series of lapses. Last week he produced a 2006 document in which a PwC representative â an intern â assigned to identify assets pledged as collateral for loans, reported back that she âfeltâ the collateral was âadequateâ. The same report the following year, signed off by more senior staff, contained an identical paragraph. On Wednesday, Lynn Turner, a former chief accountant for the US Securities and Exchange Commission, opened up a new flank of vulnerability for PwC by saying that the firm had violated auditor independence standards that he himself had helped to craft.
Called as the third and final expert witness for the plaintiffs, Mr Turner said he believed that PwC should not have continued to audit Colonial in 2005 and 2006, after a senior manager who worked on those audits was hired by Colonial in a top financial oversight position. Mr Turner, who helped draft the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 after a wave of corporate scandals, said that PwC should not have cited an âemergencyâ exemption to standards banning accounting firms from auditing a company for a year after it makes such a hire. The ending of the trial does not end PwCâs legal challenges. The firmâs Brazilian unit is the target of an action in New York brought by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, alleging that corruption at Petrobras, the state-run oil company, was âwilfully ignoredâ by its auditor. Back in the US, PwC is facing trial over its role in the collapse of MF Global, the futures brokerage, after a federal judge this month gave the go-ahead to a $1bn lawsuit over how it accounted for the European sovereign debt that tipped it into bankruptcy.
Nader Tavakoli, MF Globalâs lead director, said the decision to allow the suit sent âa strong message concerning the need for responsibility and accountabilityâ, and that he hoped to secure âa substantial recoveryâ for the estate. Last year, PwC agreed to pay $65m to settle a separate lawsuit claiming it failed to properly audit MF Globalâs internal controls before its collapse.
1-Impact on stock price/shareholders/investors
a- In response to lawsuit/charges
b-In response to settlement
2- Implications for future or industry or auditors
a-Where other auditors affected by the lawsuit and settlement?
b-What does this mean for the future of auditing?
c- Other lawsuits?
Scenario Description: Overview: James Pratt has just been tasked with handling international clients. He needs to close a deal with Norio Tokunaka from PopWear that has already been thoroughly worked out with Michaelâs predecessor, Roger Small. Michael is unaware of the need to establish a relationship with Norio before he discusses business. Norio becomes disenchanted and refuses to sign the deal. Profile: James Pratt is the Director of Foreign Sales at Mustang Jeans, a U.S. company. After working at Mustang as a real estate attorney for six years, acquiring property for retail and manufacturing, Michael moved into sales at an executive level. James is very much a no-nonsense straight-ahead kind of guy. He is friendly, but not big on small talk. He fits the stereotypical American businessman in many ways: informal, a little loud, all about money, very direct and forthright. Michaelâs career has centered in national salesâthis is his first foray into international business. Mustang Jeans is reorganizing to increase efficiency. All managers are now assuming larger territories. Norio Tukunaka has worked at PopWear, a large Japanese retail clothing chain for his entire career. He has also been working with American companies for many years, importing a variety of products. Most of these American companies are alliances that were formed by Norioâs superiors, many years before. All of Norioâs accounts are pre-existing accounts as opposed to newly created accounts. This year, PopWear is expanding its contemporary clothing line, which includes adding new suppliers and new brands. In his current position as Vice President of Merchandising, Norio is responsible for expanding the contemporary clothing line, which includes adding new suppliers and brands for PopWearâs 36 stores throughout Japan. Norio has been working on a deal with Michaelâs associate Roger Small for a very long time. Michael has just taken over this region. Rogerâs report indicates that the Norio account is a done deal, with only logistics and details remaining. Michael and Norio are having their first meeting. Scene Set-up: Norio arrives at Michaelâs office after arriving from Japan. Scene Location: Michaelâs office at Mustang Jeans corporate headquarters in the U.S. The Meeting - Summary: Michael spends less than a minute building rapport with Norio. He then begins to talk about signing the deal that had been previously worked out with Michaelâs associate Roger. Norio wants to continue to talk about good Japanese food and seems insulted that Michael doesnât like eel. Michael continues to press for the deal but Norio is very evasive. Michael then gets interrupted by his assistant notifying him of his next appointment. He apologizes to Norio about the short amount of time that he has to spend with him. 3 Days Later â Norio comes back and Michael apologizes for the prior meeting. When asked to sign the deal again, Norio suggests that heâs been talking to other companies in the past few days in New York. He doesnât commit to the deal and says heâd enjoy hosting Michael in Japan and hopes they can maintain their relationship. He leaves before signing the deal to catch a plane. Afterthoughts â Summary: Michael notes his frustration with the interaction. He acknowledges that he should have waited for Norio to start talking about the deal first. He understands that Japanese businesspeople place a high priority on relationships but also points out that he didnât have a long time to devote to small talk when it was unclear whether Norio was going to sign the deal or not. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS BELOW!!!!!!!!!!!! THANKS
1. How did the differences between Japanâs and the United Statesâ national cultural values affect communication between Norio and Michael? 2. What information should Michael have possessed before meeting with Norio? 3. Why is Norio acting somewhat evasive with his responses? What is Norio hinting [when he mentions that Roger likes sushi]? 4. What could Michael have done better in the second meeting to continue the business relationship? 5. How can business communicators effectively learn more about different cultures? Should business communicators memorize isolated facts (e.g., a cultureâs typical greeting or attitude toward punctuality) or try to create a more holistic picture? 6. Besides broad cultural values and differences, what other main factors often vary between cultures and may have influenced the interaction between Michael and Norio? 7. Despite their many differences, do Michael and Norio share some common goals? If so, what are these goals and how might Michael have used some persuasive communication techniques to emphasize these shared goals? 8. What can business communicators do to enhance their cross-cultural communication skills?