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Midterm

Crim 101 review midterm .docx

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM 101
Professor
Jennifer Fraser
Semester
Winter

Description
WhatiscrimecriminologyCriminologybodyofknowledgeregardingcrimeasasocialphenomenonItismakingsenseofobservationsaboutcrimethatareconsistentwithparticularunderstandingsofoursocialworldsScientificstudyofcrimeNOTadisciplinedevotedtocuringcriminalsNotadisciplinetosupportthecriminaljusticesystemNotCSICrimeandactthatviolatesthecriminallawandispunishablewithjailtermfinesandothersanctionsalsoasocialconstructionCRIMEISSOCIALLYDEFINEDBehaviorsthatdonoteasilyfitwithinlegaldefinitionofcrimeWhitecollarcrimeHumanrightsviolationsInternationalcrimesCrimescommittedbythestateDevianceanybehaviororbeliefthatisviolationofsocialthatislikelytoresultininformalorformalcondemnationNormsestablishrulesofbehaviororstandardsofconductMoralPanicaconditionepisodepersonorgroupofpersonsthatemergestobecomedefinedasthethreattosocietalvaluesofinterestDefinitionsnormsdeviancecrimemoralpanicTheideaofcrimeasasocialconstructionIdeaofcrimesocialconstructionbecausepeoplesknowledgeconstantlychangeMeancrimeisdefinedbypeopleDefinitionknowledgeisdefinedSOCIALLYthroughSOCIALinteractionsConsensusvsconflictvsgroupconflictifitsdefinedbypeoplewhogetstomakethedecisiononwhatcrimeis3differentapproachesConsensusapproachlawsrepresentagreementofmostofthepeopleinthesocietyConflictapproachlawsarepassedbymembersoftherulingclassPeoplewithprivilegedpositionscankeepcommonpeopleundercontrolsotheycanstaywiththeirpositionsGroupconflictapproachLawsaremadethroughapoliticalprocessinvolvingmultiplestakeholderswithcompetinginterestvaryinglevelsofpublicandpoliticallegitimacyandresourcesanddebateorconflictoverspecificissuesTrendsinmajorcrimecategoriesViolentcrimerate100000peopleinCanada19982012slightdecreaseinCanadaTorontoPropertycrimerateDecreasedbyalotHomiciderates100000peopleinCanadagoesupanddownbutincreasedfrom1961Homiciderates100000peopleinToronto
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