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CYC 808 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Ford Focus, The Tipping Point, Charles Ii Of England


Department
Child and Youth Care
Course Code
CYC 808
Professor
Collen Kamps
Study Guide
Final

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CYC 808

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Intro, Prep and History
This Course:
Course CYC808 is primarily focused on residential care and treatment for young people,
although the information here is relevant to other populations as well
When we look at residential care we include such places as
o correction centers, group homes, treatment centers, foster homes, justice and
social service group living situations, etc., etc residential care is, in essence, all
group care environments (and some non-group environments, as well)
We always want to fous o what we are goig to do, how we are goig to 'reat'
We dot sped eough tie, i thikig aout what we do
Focus on creating residential care programs that are fixated on intentional action
and planned change
History of Residential Care:
"Moralistic-Saviour Era
18th to mid 19th century
Services focused upon providing basic care to children who were orphaned, abandoned,
or who had physical or cognitive characteristics which made them different from
mainstream society
These children were mixed together without consideration for special needs or
circumstances
Often there was a blending together of child and adult populations
"Reformation-Rescue Era"
Mid 18th to first part of 20th century
Evolved the special programs for children which focused on protection as well as
establishment of basic care
While still paternalistic/maternalistic and moralistic in nature, the focus began to shift
from saving the souls of disobedient youth to early stages of attempting to protect
young people from abuses of the adult dominated world
"Protection-Segregation Era"
Significant change in how young people were perceived
There was a shift from seeing special needs children as morally inferior to a new
emphasis on recognizing impact of the environment in which the young person was
raised and how this affected them and their development
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Still society accepted no responsibility for the conditions in which children were raised.
Instead, the fault was shifted from the shortcomings of the young person to the
weaknesses of the family
Beginning of establishment of facilities for juvenile delinquents or young offenders
means of "correcting" the negative or criminal behaviours of youth
Last Era Treatment-Intervention Era"
9s-9s
greatly influenced by the mental hygiene and child guidance movements
Although this "professionalization" was not completed until recently, it was greatly
accelerated in the years immediately following the Second World War
Within the context of their times, they were perceived by most, although probably not
service consumers, to be humanistic expressions of a caring and concerned society
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