DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS
ECN 220: Evolution of the Global Economy
The final exam will last two hours and you will be asked to answer five short answer questions
(out of a choice of ten) and two essay questions (out of a choice of five). The questions will be
chosen from the following lists.
Short Answer Questions
1 Briefly indicate the two institutions established as a result of the Bretton Woods
Agreement and indicate the major problems with which each of these institutions were
originally intended to deal.
2 Describe the original mission of the World Bank and indicate its current major role.
3 Briefly describe the main differences between the W.T.O. and its predecessor, the
4 What were the three principal objectives of the IMF when it was first established?
5 Indicate and briefly describe two reasons why international organizations such as the IMF
and the World Bank might now be expected to face greater challenges in persuading
governments to accept their decisions than was the case during the first few decades after
World War II.
6 Briefly describe shallow integration and deep integration and give an example of each.
7 Indicate (with brief explanations) two criticisms directed by the less developed countries
(LDCs) at the industrialized countries when they seek to impose common labour
standards throughout the world.
8 In the context of environmental standards define:
(a) Trans-boundary impacts;
(b) Non-trans-boundary impacts.
9 Briefly indicate the immediate causes of the Mexican peso crisis of 1994 and 1995.
(a) Direct foreign investment;
(b) Portfolio investment