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[ENG 222] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (26 pages long!)


Department
English
Course Code
ENG 222
Professor
Andrew O' Malley
Study Guide
Final

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Ryerson
ENG 222
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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"Canon" = standardized
Fairytale knowledge mostly from Disney whose ver's known to be "authentic."
"A timeless classic!" >> Newer generations still receptive to it.
Timeless-- erases its historical view; disconnects tales from actual time line and takes away its
reality; foreclosing social + cultural analysis.
Fairytales produced by Disney are not timeless-- were born from real, historical milestones, had
their place in history.
De-familiarizing from prev. knowledge & experience of tales (allowing tales to be unfamiliar)
Critical Approach
Vocabulary
"Folk"; agrarian, labouring, illiterate, poor, peasantry of pre-industrial/modern Europe (before
1800)
Were ~90% of pop. in small, rural communities >> subsistence farmers.
Riddles
Joke tales
Warning tales
Wonder tales >>> print culture >>> Fairytales come out of folk tales by print culture
Folk tales
Fairy tales
Orally circulated (require teller +
audience)
Shared by community
Origin usually anonymous
Print circulated
Privately read
Identifiable authors (Grimms, Charles Perrault)
Folk-fairy tale: fairy tale w/ oral tale origins
Literary fairy tale: fairy tale NOT originally folk
tale
Folk tales gathered from ppl who told them. Most canonical tales from oral tales.
Who Were The Folk? European Pre-Industrial Demographics
Orally
Stories of royalty + peasants
Generic names: Jack - most generic first name, means "young man"
No name: the farmer
How They Told Stories
Lecture 1, Sept 9 2015 - Folk Life
ENG 222 Page 1
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No name: the farmer
Cinderella = cinder + ella; German --> "Ashputtle" (ash cleaner)
o
Rapunzel: "Rap" from rampion or rapini
o
Function name: name as function of story.
Places: never a specific location
Time: "Once" or "There was" -- not specific
Lack of details due to oral nature, required portability, be easily memorable-- have to be efficient
so omit details
Also, audience don't care abt names, location, time bc: easier to relate to w/o details (details not
relevant to way folk lived).
Took no heed to individualism bc p much all of them were doing the same thing
(farming).
o
Details of time/place/person are markers of "modern individualism" which were alien to
peasant folk.
Work till you can't
o
Communal life; brought together communities (work, eat, live together)
o
No privacy: close quarters w/o space boundaries. Privacy- a requirement for
modern individualism.
o
Labour wasn't specialized; most were farmers.
Precariousness of life: death always imminent - survival of community is foremost concern.
Sense/idea of time - idea of experience that is uniquely oneself's own and defines one
individually. Modern individualism predicated on a very modern idea of linear time; time with
beginning + end, always forward moving, and that is marked by historically specific
unrepeatable events.
Folk time: characterized by sameness and repetition; based on a cyclical time
|| to nature. Ex. seasons, lunar cycle; things stay fundamentally the same and w/o uniqueness
but only variations of the same thing.
^Effect on storytelling: folk tales conform to cyclical nature + narrative patterns.
Modern Individualism and Precariousness of Life
ENG 222 Page 2
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