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CHAPTERS 5-11.docx

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FSN 123
Julia Scalzo

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CHAPTER 5Christian Dior fabric not only expresses a designers dream but also stimulates his own ideas It can be the beginning of an inspiration Many a dress of mine is born of the fabric aloneTextiles Fibers and Fabrics Chapter 5 Primary supplierstextile fiber and textile fabric manufacturers also includes makers of trimmings THE FIBER INDUSTRY Fibersmallest elements of a fabric starting point of a fabric gives a fabric its color weight texture and durability Yarnfibers twisted into a continuous thread Fabricyarns knitted bonded or woven together Natural fiberscome from natural sources must be converted to a fiber before use in fabric Natural fiberscan be made from wood pulp air petroleum or natural gasManufactured fibercomes from a chemists laboratory are plentiful 25 fibers available Most have been invented in the last 50 yearsHISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT The Development of Natural Fibers there are 4 major natural fibers cotton silk flaxlinen and wool Thought to be pure used for high end garmentsConsistent and predictable quantities produced due to chemical fertilizers and pesticides CottonMost widely used of all the natural fibersMade of celluloseAbsorb moisture quickly dry quickly have a cooling effectCotton is the only fiber meeting current USDA standardsChemicalfree fibers cotton linen wool are not well marketed but do existOrganic wool means less or no chemicals used in sheep dipping Cotton incorporated the fabric of our lives Created by an act of congress it conducts agricultural fiber and textile research and testing ad campaigns andprovides market intelligence fashion forecasts and retail promotions Cotton industry suffered a crisis around the 70sSynthetic fibers even threatened the jean industry Cotton apparel and home fabrics now account for 60 of textile products sold in retail WoolFiber from the coat of a sheepAnimal fiberproteinNatural insulator and used to make warm clothesHas a natural crimpforms bulky yarns for insulation from the coldAbsorbs moisture slowly dries slowly SilkFrom cocoon of a silkwormKnown for luxurious feelBreathable fabric that can be worn yearround FlaxUsed to make linenFrom the stem of a flax plantStrongest of all the vegetable fibersAbsorbs moisture quickly dries quickly RamieComes from woody leafed Asian plant grown in ChinaLinenlike fabric inexpensive ProsSimilar to flax linenResistant to mildewAbsorbent and dries quickly UseBlended with cotton or used as lower priced linenIncrease in production with finishing technique advances HempFibrous plant ProsGrows quickly requires less waterResistant to mildew and pestsAlmost like cotton used to supplementreplace it Cons Hemp production prohibited in the US through fabric and products may be importedJute ProsSimilar to flaxVery resistant to mildew bacteria insectsGood strength abrasion resistant Use Accessories furniture packaging materials Easily Renewable Corn ProsVery resilient absorbent abrasion resistant like cottonSoft hand good drapeGood wicking thermal insulationsimilar to wool
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