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IRH 102 - 1.doc

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FSN 132
Joanne Mc Neish

IRH 102 September 9, 2009 “This is a survey of art, architecture, and design from Antiquity to the Renaissance.” Antiquity: ancient past Renaissance: revival of art in Italy ca. 1400 Western art: product of a group of cultures that have historically been thought of as sharing common traditions *The Western world comprises North America and Europe, as well as ancient Egypt and the ancient Near East Intrinsic value: depends largely on the general assessment of the artist and own aesthetic character; the Mona Lisa (Leonardo, Italy 1503) is a priceless object, famous because it was stolen from the Louvre Raphael: Marriage of the Virgin Qdecompressord a - Chapel of St. Joseph are needed to see -his Church of San Francesco - Italy 1504 - Narrative art: where someone is looking is important - Colour is balanced, frames center/focus point *NOT in textbook Francisco de Goya (1746-1828): Chronos Devouring One of His Children are needed to see this-picCa. 1820 - From Goya’s own farmhouse outside Madrid - 20.18 QuickTime™ and a are needed to see this picture. Greek, Early Classical, ca. 480-457 B.C.: Athena, Herakles, and Atlas; the Golden Apples of the Hesperides, metope from the east side of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia. Marble, 5’3” high (5.42) *Herakles has to obtain the Golden Apples from the Tree of Life in the North African garden of the Hesperides. He offers to relieve Atlas from the burden of carrying the world if Atlas will obtain the apples for him. Atlas is reluctant to resume his burden after accomplishing his mission, but Athena persuades him to. Qdecompressord a are needed to see this picture. The Buli Master (possible Ngongo ya Chiatu) - Prestige stool (authority, inheritance) - Ca. 1850-1900 - Democratic Republic of Congo; Luba culture - Wood, metal studs; 24” - Much lower degree of naturalism (features much less realistic - ex. her hands) - Carries simple shapes throughout entire piece *NOT in textbook Why study art history? Part 1: Context: narrative, symbolism (ex. stool), materials, techniques, composition, “style” etc. - Who did it? - Who was it for? - What is it made from? - What does it represent? - What was it for? - When was it done? - Where was it placed? - How was it made? - Etc. Message: how all of these together tell a story in a very particular way Part 2: IRD 100: Design Dynamics *Elements and principles of art and design* Elements (all art can be reduced to the following): - Line (regular and irregular lines in relation to each other,) - Shape (regular and irregular 2D, 3D, open and closed) - Value (relative degree of lightness or darkness of a particular colour) - Texture (real or stimulated) - Colour (primary, secondary, tertiary, achromatic/black and white, chromatic, intensity and saturation) Combination of elements create… Harmony (repetition, similarities, simplicity) ----------> Variety (contrast, complexity) ----------> *All elements can be harmonious *All elements can have variety Principles or Relationships… - Balance (symmetry/asymmetry) - Proportion (similarity/variety in size and scale) - Emphasis (one, strong/many, weak) - Movement/Rhythm/Repetition (not implied/implied) QuickTime™ and a are needed to see this picture. - Horizontal and vertical lines repeated throughout the entire building - Rectangular shape - Symmetrical, balanced Qdecompressord a are needed to see this picture. - Not chaotic, just more complex - Harmonious with surroundings - Unified but complex - Variety of lines and shapes - Designer/artists will reject features of earlier structures/art (study art history) Horizontal vs. Vertical (two typical building designs) - Church: vertical lines, arches; older design, more complex - Commerce building: horizontal lines, rectangular shapes; simple *Vertical came first How Do We Talk about Art? Naturalistic: true to life Realistic: at one end of the naturalistic sliding scale Abstract: forms that do not accurately depict real objects All naturalistic representations are more or less… Idealized: depicting an object according to an accepted standard of beauty Stylized: taking something irregular (nonorganic surface element) and reducing it to an artificial pattern (ex. styled hair) Abstract: realistic features removed or altered CHAPTER 1 Prehistory (prior to records) in Europe and the Middle East Paleolithic (ca. 50,000 - 8000 B.C.) Mesolithic (ca. 8000 - 6000/4000 B.C.) Neolithic (ca. 6000/4000 - 1500 B.C.) *Lithic: Stone Age Paleolithic: 1. Willendorf, Austria 2. Lascaux, France ntep.cture Venus of Willendorf - 25000 - 21000 B.C. - 4.5” high, limestone - Sculpture in the round (can be vied from all sides) - Fertility sculpture: bulbous oval shapes emphasized the head, breasts, torso and
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