FSN 101 – Textiles I Week 1
Key Terms (read text pages 6-13 & 532-543)
fibre smart textile greige goods
1. What is this course all about? Review of the course outline.
The weekly schedule for the lecture and lab. Protocol for missed tests and assignments.
2. The Lab – 7 sections scheduled on Monday, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays.
3. The Required Reading Assignment – an assortment of current journal articles have been
included in the course. Each article has a series of questions which you have to answer
and hand in. All students are required to do the readings, but only one section hands in
the assignment, as outlined on the weekly breakdown. This is a gift of 5% in your overall
grade for the course. All assignments are due at the beginning of class. If you are ill that
morning, you may e-mail the assignment to me prior to the start of the lecture. The first
article is due next week for section 01.
4. How can you be successful in this course?
5. Why do you need a textiles course anyway? How textiles can enhance your career.
6. What is the difference between fibres, yarns and fabric?
7. What is the difference between natural and manufactured or synthetic fibres?
8. What is the difference between staple and filament fibres?
9. Describe some innovative highlights in the field of textiles.
10. Time Management Seminar, distribute 4 month calendar and master test and assignment
FSN 101 – Textiles I Week 2
Old Text – pages 9-15 & 20-28/New Text - pages 18-24 & 32-39
fibre mono/multi filament tex, denier manufactured yarn serviceability crimp natural
staple luster drape synthetic
filament hand tow micron
life cycle analysis product development micro fibre
11. What are the differences between fibres, yarns and fabric?
Either some from nature, or man made
12. What are the differences between natural and manufactured or synthetic fibres?
– wool, very distinct texture - hairs interlock by the shingle like scales attaching – round,
the larger the shingles the rougher (itchy) the fibre – wool coiled like a slinky or crimped
– silk – fibre has a distinctive triangular shape end, is a long filament
– cotton – come from a flower once the leaves drop off, the seed pot (boll) carries the fibres
that are then spun – many different kinds of cotton (pima, Egyptian, sea island) the length
of the fibre is longer then ‘regular cotton’ – appearance is like a twisted ribbon with a
kidney bean shaped end, there tends to be a hollow centre, which allows absorbency
– linen – created by the flax plant, blue flower, however the fibre is made from the stem, a
stem that is decomposed, creates linen. The fibre looks like ‘bamboo’, has a hallow
- spinnerette tool – fixed solution is pushed through the spinnerette, from the other end
the fibre comes out (able to mould different shapes and width)
13. What is the difference between staple and filament fibres?
- come primarily from natural fibres
- infinitely long, however can be cut into shorter fibres
14. What is the difference between mono and multi filament? What is tow?
- ‘Fishing line’ or invisible thread that is used for hems, or a mitalic thread running
through the garment
- majority of filaments are multi
- loose rope of several thousand filament fibres - crimping of texturizing the fibre adds bulk
15. How do fibres contribute to fabric performance?
Features and benefits
16. What is serviceability? (aesthetics, durability, comfort, safety, appearance rentention,
care, environment/sustainability, cost). See page 20.
a. a textile products ability to meet a need
e. appearance retention
f. easy to care for
g. not harmful to environment
h. reasonable cost over garment lifetime
17. Define the physical properties of fibres and how they affect a fabric’s performance.
Length, diameter, shape
- fibre length (staple or filament)
- shape (hollow-core – insulation and lock, trilobal, round – more can fit together,
triangular, dogbone, flat and oval with convolutions - cotton, square with voids,
- diameter (wool – 4dpf, polyester 2dpf, cotton 1.5dpf, silk 1dpf, microfibre .5dpf)
18. What is product development? Choosing fabric in relation to silhouette appearance,
performance and suitability to styling (fabric luster, drape, shape & proportion,
hand/texture, resilience “the crush test”, shirring, gathering 2:1, 3:1, 4:1, soft vs. heavy or
stiff fabric, using woven striped fabrics).
- how the diameter is measure
- 1/1000 of a mm**
- how a fibre is commonly measured
- weight in grams 9,000m of fibre**
- yarn size in grams per 1,000 m**
- a fibre **
- the design and engenieering of a product so that it has the desired characteristics **
fashion design development
- aesthetic properties o luster – uneven reflective, short = poor luster, even reflective, long = strong
luster – way light is reflected – commonly manufactured fibres have more
o drape – stiff fabric = less drape, soft = more drape – the way a fabric lays over
a 3D form
o hand – how it feels next to your skin (cool, crisp, stiff, harsh) how the fibre is
shaped impacts how the fabric feels
o texture – surface and how it feels – impacts its luster – different finishing
impacts the texture
o shape and proportion
o reilience – how mush it wrinkles and its recovery
o shirring/gathering – 2;1 – 24inch fabric gathered to 12, 3;1 – 36inch fabric
gathered to 12
19. Review article “Following the Fabric Lifecycle: Textiles Come Full Circle”, AATCC
December 2009, 22-28.
FSN 101 – Textiles I Week 3
Text – chapter 3, pages 40-55
absorbency moisture regain abrasion resistance flammability
hydrophilic static electricity flexibility flame resistant
hydrophobic thermoplastic pilling flame proof
hygroscopic thermal retention mildew resiliency
tenacity wicking he