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Study Terms Art History II

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Ryerson University
FSN 232
Kimberly Wahl

The period from about the 1490s to the 1530s in painting, sculpture, and architecture in Europe, esp in Italy, when the Renaissance ideals were considered to have been attained through High Renaissance the mastery of Leonardo, Michelangelo, and Raphael A man who has broad intellectual interests and is accomplished in areas of both the arts and the sciences. A cultured man of the Renaissance who was knowledgeable, educated, or proficient in a wide range of fields. Uomo universale (Renaissance man) -Leonardo da Vinci A cultural and intellectual movement of the Renaissance that emphasized secular concerns as a result of the rediscovery and study of the literature, art, and civilization of ancient Greece and Rome. Humanism A system of thought that rejects religious beliefs and centers on humans and their values, capacities, and worth A system of philosophical and theological doctrines composed of elements of Platonism and Aristotelianism and oriental mysticism Neoplatonism that both rivalled and influenced Christianity One can see the brush strokes in a painting, and it is rendered in Painterly style
 an impressionistic way The technique of allowing tones and colors to shade gradually into Sfumato
 one another, producing softened outlines or hazy forms Contrapposto A human figure standing with most of its weight on one foot so that its shoulders and arms twist off-axis from the hips and legs The Ignudo is the phrase coined by Michelangelo to describe the Ignudi
 twenty seated male nudes he incorporated into the Sistine Chapel ceiling frescoes. The treatment of light and shade in drawing and painting. An effect of contrasted light and shadow created by light falling Chiaroscuro unevenly or from a particular direction on something An effort, at least at first, to protest against some of the practices of the Catholic Church and to reform the Church (started by The Reformation Martin Luther) The Church's response to the threat from Luther and others during this period is called the Counter-Reformation. Church called the Counter-Reformation Council of Trent to deal with the issues raised by Luther. The Council of Trent was an assembly of high officials in the Church. Artist's manner or method of working, to describe a personal or group style. An interpretation/deviation from the natural world. Mannerism A human figure which spirals around a central axis, so that the lower limbs face in one direction and the torso almost in the opposite direction, in a graceful if sometimes contorted pose. Figura Serpentinata Is a figure in a work of art depicted as a chubby male child, usually nude and sometimes winged. Putto / Putti Architectural finish, lying to viewer about age of a building… making it look older than it is Rustication 
 Science + Art. A form of chemistry and speculative philosophy practiced in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance and concerned principally with discovering methods for transmuting baser metals Alchemy into gold and with finding a universal solvent and an elixir of life. A deep, pensive, and long-lasting sadness
 Melancholy A woodcut print falls under the category called relief printmaking whereas engraving belongs to intaglio printmaking. Printmaking (Engraving vs. Woodcut) The most notable difference between the two is that a relief block & is printed in much the same manner as a rubber stamp or those Intaglio potato prints you did when you were in school. Whereas, in intaglio the lowered surfaces take the ink with the raised surface of the plate wiped clean. In other words, it is the exact opposite of relief printing Baroque Relating to or denoting a style of European architecture, music, and art of the 17th and 18th centuries that followed mannerism Absolutism A political theory holding that all power should be vested in one ruler or other authority Having the sun as the center Heliocentric
 an association of 40 French scholars and writers, founded by Cardinal Richelieu in 1635, devoted chiefly to preserving the The French Academy purity of the French language A canopy of fabric carried in church processions or placed over an altar, throne, or dais. Architecture A stone or marble structure built in the form of a Baldacchino canopy, especially over the altar of a church. Aedicule an opening such as a door or a window, framed by columns on either side, and a pediment above A circular opening at the apex of a dome Oculus Rectilinear characterized by a straight line or lines a low wall surrounding the arena of an ancient amphitheater, a plinth that supports a colonnade or wall Podium a school, style, or method of painting, adopted chiefly by 17th- century Spanish and Neapolitan painters, esp Caravaggio, characterized by large areas
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