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FSN 232 Study Guide - Sfumato, Polymath, Plotinus

Course Code
FSN 232
Joanne Mc Neish

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Art History Terms Chapter 14
Key Terms:
High Renaissance: a style of art developed in Italy in the late 15th and early 16th
centuries, chiefly characterized by an emphasis on draftsmanship, schematized,
often centralized compositions, and the illusion of sculptural volume in painting.
Compare Early Renaissance, Venetian
Uomo universale (Renaissance man):
Humanism: a variety of ethical theory and practice that emphasizes reason,
scientific inquiry, and human fulfillment in the natural world and often rejects the
importance of belief in God.
Neoplatonism: a philosophical system, originated in the 3rd century a.d. by
Plotinus, founded chiefly on Platonic doctrine and Oriental mysticism, with later
influences from Christianity. It holds that all existence consists of emanations from
the One with whom the soul may be reunited.
painterly style: in painting, use the quality of color and texture rather than line to
define form
Sfumato: the definition of form by a delicate gradations of light and shadows
Contrapposto: the stance of the human body in which one leg bears the weight,
while the other is relaxed, creating an asymmetry in the hip-shoulder axis
Ignudi: nude figures (in italian)
Chiaroscuro: the subtle gradation of light and shadow used to create the effect of
three dimensionality
- Political structure in Italy: individual cities were like independent countries
with their own governments etc, they went into war with each other; shaky,
- Artists, along with intellectuals, business people etc, moved around to
different cities to get work
- PJII was extremely tolerant and open minded with the arts
- Florence = center of art for Early Renaissance; Rome = center of art for High
- A few artists dominated at this time, eg Da Vinci who wasnt tied to one city
as he moved around