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Ryerson University
FIN 300
Scott Anderson

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO CORPORATE FINANCE Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. Capital budgeting (deciding on whether to expand a manufacturing plant), capital structure (deciding whether to issue new equity and use the proceeds to retire outstanding debt), and working capital management (modifying the firms credit collection policy with its customers). 2. Disadvantages: unlimited liability, limited life, difficulty in transferring ownership, hard to raise capital funds. Some advantages: simpler, less regulation, the owners are also the managers, sometimes personal tax rates are better than corporate tax rates. 3. The primary disadvantage of the corporate form is the double taxation to shareholders of distributed earnings and dividends. Some advantages include: limited liability, ease of transferability, ability to raise capital, unlimited life, and so forth. 4. The treasurers office and the controllers office are the two primary organizational groups that report directly to the chief financial officer. The controllers office handles cost and financial accounting, tax management, and management information systems, while the treasurers office is responsible for cash and credit management, capital budgeting, and financial planning. Therefore, the study of corporate finance is concentrated within the treasury groups functions. 5. To maximize the current market value (share price) of the equity of the firm (whether its publicly- traded or not). 6. In the corporate form of ownership, the shareholders are the owners of the firm. The shareholders elect the directors of the corporation, who in turn appoint the firms management. This separation of ownership from control in the corporate form of organization is what causes agency problems to exist. Management may act in its own or someone elses best interests, rather than those of the shareholders. If such events occur, they may contradict the goal of maximizing the share price of the equity of the firm. 7. A primary market transaction. 8. In auction markets like the Toronto Stock Exchange, brokers and agents meet at a central location (the exchange) to match buyers and sellers of assets. Physical locations for stock markets are disappearing as trading becomes more electronic. Dealer markets like Nasdaq consist of dealers operating at dispersed locales who buy and sell assets themselves, communicating with other dealers either electronically or literally over-the-counter. Dealer markets are less transparent than auction markets where trades are reported publicly almost immediately. 9. Such organizations frequently pursue social or political missions, so many different goals are conceivable. One goal that is often cited is revenue minimization; i.e., provide whatever goods and services are offered at the lowest possible cost to society. A better approach might be to observe that even a not-for-profit business has equity. Thus, one answer is that the appropriate goal is to maximize the value of the equity. 10. Presumably, the current stock value reflects the risk, timing, and magnitude of all future cash flows, both short-term and long-term. If this is correct, then the statement is false. 18
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