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Tips for Answering questions Plato,Freud,Batille.docx

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FIN 300
Kym Mac Laren

PHL 606 Tips for Answering questions *Note – these question are to aid you in your studies, there are NOT the final midterm/exam questions- please don’t depend to heavily on these as a guide* Diotima >love is beauty >beauty is wisdom Aristophanes>ascent to gods to become like them >love  becomes a god  Doesn’t seek other half like Aristophanes unless its  good >Loving the good not the bad diseased >love is   Difference btw Human Nature Then and Now  possession of the good forever  Three kinds of Human beings : male, female, combo,   We want what we already have – but want forever our shape was complete round+four hand and leg+ sex  organs on opposite sides   Lover of good things has a desire >  desire happiness   Males came from the sun, women= earth, combos= the   Devoted exclusively to one thing=love/lover moon (moon shares the both): these creatures tried to  attack the gods, therefore Zeus cut them in two, then   Through ones you become eternal Fulfill our desire for  moved genitals to the front because they kept dying­  love   love is born into every human being it calls back the   Forms of immortally through children, music art  sport>created through harmony=divine,  halves of our original nature together it tries to make  one out two and heal the wound of human nature –  beautiful>reproduction  and birth in beauty>love  struck by a sense of belonging by desire and not  desires immortality  wanting to be separated  Muse>poetry­ a production/creation of something out   Love is our pursuit of wholeness for our desire to be  of nothing  complete   Messages from God > not interested in becoming a  God   When we find our other half, we are overwhelmed with  affection, concern, and love for that person. This great  amount of care cannot result simply from a desire for  sex, but we have difficulty articulating precisely what it  is that makes us care so much  that we are attracted not to certain qualities in a person  so much as we are attracted to the person him or  herself. A certain person is right for us not because that  person has certain qualities we find appealing, but  because that person's character is similar to ours and  resembles our "other half."  2. Diotima – to be of love   To be human means to be mortal­ our time on this earth is limited – limited time makes us conscious of drying , and  love is seen as a powerful emotion and is as close to dying as we will ever get while on this earth =,this notion pushes  us to leave our mark behind PHL 606  Short sense of time paired love = us to find new ways to stay immortals­ through love, ie through children, music,  sports, ­ to leave behind a legacy  Love inspires us to be creative to bring us closer to immortality and godliness – there’s a certain beauty in birth  Love is our muse to create something out of nothing at all  To Diotima Love is beauty and therefore beauty is the thirst for wisdom – in this case love is seen as a motive to  constantly grew and change to be a better person ­Inspires us to move away from distorted vulgar  love to more noble  and virtuous  ones­ st  1  we are attracted to beautiful bodies (lust), lead to sex without emotional connection, then you desire a beautiful  soul more than the physical now  In finding this higher form of love we are oriented to the good virture and noble  Dog example, one is loyal to owner, other not. But both dogs, (eidos), better more virtuous person is achieving  perfection, fulfilling ones nature Freud – How are we Perverts? 3) Perversion – sexual interest in things beyond the parts designed for sexual union & tendency to linger over these things we seek a kind of annihilation that doesn’t kill us  Perversion is natural (sexual overvaluation- we are turned on by their eyes, hair, knees)  Fetishism  Sadism / masochism  These are all normal, yet they fit the case of perversion when it reaches uncontrollable levels  we all begin with the desire to want to have sex with the opposite sex, this bisexual need, and it eventually gets restrained from one or the other (straight or bi or gay) sex drive overrides repressive forces of disgust, shame)  what happens in pathological is that the sexual drive overrides the usual inhibiting effects of disgust/shame/moral and aesthetic values  can become pathological, perversion itself is not (normalcy) but can lead to it  Freud says these preliminary sexual aims takes the place of the normal aim  Freud says it’s hard to draw the line of what’s normal and pathological Prevision Norm Sex drive over rides repressive Effective restriction + modification to the Neuroses forces Repression of the sex drive (shame, disgust) sex drive (creative outlets) Normal (interpersonal) orientation and creativity  We are only creative beings because we have sublimated our sexual drive into other things, only possible through repression 4) Freud – Puberty transformation    Reaction Formation  – you have a drive, but there is something internal to you that producers a disgust or shame (not a  function of social convention) it is a function of your own body’s sense of where it is going.  Different stages: when we are young, we don’t know so we look at touching and (infantile) *example is the oral  mouth st
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