FNF 100- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 35 pages long!)

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11 Oct 2017
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Ryerson
FNF 100
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Family Life: Definitions, Cultural Variations and Demographic
Trends
Portrait of Families and Living Arrangements in Canada: Families, Households
and Marital Status 2011 Census (Statistics Canada (2012))
environics analytics - collect data based on where you live (globe & mail
article)
gives context on who is living in a certain neighbourhood (good for advertising
and knowing your community & their needs)
university educated neighbourhoods = more health literacy, good at articulating
their own health symptoms
2011 Census Families
2011 Census enumerated over almost 9 million census families in Canada – up
5.5 % from 2006
Married couples constituted the largest census family group (67%) - will most
likely decrease in next census data
Their proportion has been steadily decreasing for the past 20 years
Definition: Census Family?
A census family is composed of a married couple, or common-law couple, with or
without children, or a lone parent living with at least one child in the same
dwelling
A couple can be of the opposite sex or of the same sex
Persons not in census families include persons living alone or individuals living
with other relatives or non-relatives
Non-Census Families
In 2011, about one-fifth or 20% of people aged 15 and over did not live in a
census family
13.5 lived alone
4.5% lived with non-relatives
4.5& lived with other relatives
Family Life Persists…
Cohabiting couples with children, lone parents with children and legally married
couples with children make up large portion of all Canadian households
More census families without children than with children - baby boomers are
getting older, children moving out to start their own lives
Considerable diversity in household structure exist in Canadian Families
! 1
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Family Portrait: Census 2011
-trends: married with children decreasing
-married without children increasing (never had or moved out)
-common law with children increase
-common law without children increase
Married Couples without Children: Census 2011
Married couples with children living at home decreased from 37.4% of all census
families in 2001 to 31.9% in 2011
Increase of married couples without children may relate to the aging of the
population
Baby boomers children are now adults and more likely to have left the parental
home
Proportion of Children living with Married Parents Continues to Decline
-schools are emptying out (parents with older children staying in family home)
-neighbourhoods are aging
-“new baby boom” - news saying our generation will produce a lot of babies
-21st century large family is 3 children
-common law parents are increasing
Fertility Rates in Canada "
(children born/woman)
-fertility rates are down
-1.64 babies in 2000, 1.57 in 2008, 1.58 in 2011
Fertility Rates
The overall trend of fertility rates in Canada is down
Complex combination of factors:
Urbanization - housing/lifestyle (expensive)
Women’s paid employment - delay/not at all have children
Declining religiosity - religion is no longer guiding decisions as
much/contraception
Increases in women’s educational attainment - higher education
influences/delays decision to have children (& how many)
Improved contraception - readily available (women especially)
Common-Law Couples!!
Number of common-law couples increased 13.9% between 2006 and 2011
Rising 4 times the rate of married couples; and marginally surpassing the
number of lone-parent families
Account for 16.7% of all census families
Growing rapidly for all age groups, but especially for older age group
! 2
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