FNF 100- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 29 pages long!)

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29 Mar 2018
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Ryerson
FNF 100
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Families and Health
Lecture 1 January 16th
What if a Family?
How family life gets articulated is:
- Political
- Ideological framework or understanding
- Cultural -
No Universal Definition
- There is no one universal definition of family that fits the reality of all
cultural groups and historical periods
- Within any society at any one time, there are always several types of families
These types of families are defined by their historical context, and shaped by the
articulation of the economic, political and cultural forces and conflicts of their time
Differences in family functioning and well-being across family types tend to be
small, whereas the difference within family types tend to be large.
(Allen, Fine and Demo, 2000)
Family Diversity Definition
Family is characterized by two or more persons related by birth, marriage,
adoption or choice… Families are further defined by socio-emotional ties and
enduring responsibilities, particularly in terms of one or more members’
dependence on others for support and nurturance…
(Allen, Fine & Demo, 2000)
Different Family Types:
- There are difference types of families who use a multitude of ways to meet
their needs:
o Reproduction
o Cohabitation
o Economic cooperation
o Nurturance, affection and protection
o Meaning
Differences within and between families
- Family diversity is also about characterizing the variability within and among
families:
o Families have many difference needs, and different ways of meeting
those needs
o Within families, individuals and relationships have different levels of
protection, privileges, and responsibilities
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Definitions of Family
- Traditional, modern and post-modern
- Definitions of family:
o Traditional 18th and 19th century
o Modern early to mid 20th century
o Post-modern late 20th century and beyond
Traditional Definition of family:
- Families formed around marriage a legally sanctioned heterosexual
relationship, involving economic cooperation, as well as normative sexual
activity and childbearing, that everyone was expected to endure
- Unites individuals into cooperative groups that oversee the bearing and
raising of children
Family Kinship Networks
These social units are, in turn, built on kinship, a social bond, based on blood,
marriage or adoption, that joins individuals into families
Extended Family
- Part of the traditional definition:
o Family units consisted of parents, children, and other blood kin such
as grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins
o Often living in very close proximity
Modern Definition of Family
- The family unit is regarded as a social group of two of more people, related
by blood, marriage or adoption, who usually live together
- Introduction of the Nuclear Family and the separation of the family of
Procreation and Family of Orientation
The Family of Orientation
- Individuals are born into a family
- The family you were born into and/or reared was understood to be your
Family of Orientation
- One or two parents and siblings
- Very identifiable roles and social relations
Family of Procreation
- In adulthood, some individuals leave to create their own families
- Bear and/or adopt children
- Creation of a new and autonomous unit
- Result of mating
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