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Final

GEO106 Final notes.docx

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Department
Geography
Course
GEO 106
Professor
Maria Piccioni
Semester
Fall

Description
GEO106 - Geographies of Everyday Life Date – Dec 2012 Note – WITHOUT graphs and calculations Chapter 1 - Spatial Concepts & Spatial Dynamics  Pattison four "traditions" o Spatial Tradition – general patterns o Area Studies Tradition – unique attribute o Human-Land Tradition – interrelationships o Earth Studies Tradition – physical processes  Research Praxis  Space, Location, Place o Space  Concrete space – descriptive  Abstract space – how things “should” be o Distance  Absolute distance – Exact measurement  Relative distance – in relationship through subjectivity o Five types of distance  Linear distance  Time distance  Cognitive distance  Cultural distance – distance due to socioeconomic, ethnic, etc  Social distance – physical distance between people during interaction o Direction o Location o Place  The Friction of Distance / Tyranny of Space  Time, Space, and Time-Space o Time-Space Convergence o Time-Space Distantiation  Proxemics: The study of Closeness / Social (proxemics) Distance Chapter 2 - Environment & Perception  Defining Environment - physical, built, socio-economic, phenomenal, behavioural, personal, contextual etc.)  Sonnenfeld’s Environemnts o Higher level socio-economic groups would have larger bahavioural / perceptual enviro o Lower level socio-economic groups would have smaller bahavioural / perceptual enviro  Perception and Cognitive Filtering o Cognitive Filtering o Perception and Cognition o Alternative Perceptions of Table  Decision Making o Maximizer, Optimizer, Satisfier Chapter 3 - Mental Imagery & Mental Maps  Mental Imagery o Children vs Adults  Mental Maps Defined o Douglas Charles David Pocock and Raymond Hudson o Used to remember the special arrangement of information we need in order to make decisions  Lynch's Elements of the City o Kevin Lynch - The Image of the City o Elements of a city consists of paths, edges, districts, nodes, landmarks o Imageability o Lynch's Elements of the City  Development of Spatial Learning and Mental Maps o Jean Piaget and Barbel Inhelder o Learning Space Intellectual Development & Spatial Awareness  Sensorrimotor (0-2 years) – understanding “space”  Pre-operational (2-5/8 years) – maintains an egocentric orientation  Concrete Operational (5/8-11 years) – 3D and 2D representation of space begins  Formal (11-adults) –child is capable of hypothetico-deductive reasoning o Raymond A. Hart and G.T. Moore  Children deal with spatial relations and concepts, roughly in  Egocentric system of reference  Topological system of reference – location based on their relationship  Projective systems of reference – think in terms of perspective  Euclidean and metric systems of reference – start using X, Y grids o Spatial Origentation oand Intellectual Development  Mental Map Structure in Adults o How Mental Maps Get Drawn Chapter 4 - Place and Placelessness  Sense of Place / Placelessness o Yi-FuTuan o Toronto Unlimited o Amenity  vernacular landscapes  rural sentiment  amenity  Topophila & Topophobia o Topophilia – love of place (positive emotional responses) o Topophobia – negative meanings and feelings to places (fear, suffering)  Safety of Place o Environmental Contributors to Safety o Gender Differences in Perceptions of Safety  Soundscapes & Smellscapes o Soundscapes of Boston & Boston Soundscapes Chapter 5 - Territory and Territoriality  Home Feeling  Territoriality and Personal Space  Control Mechanisms o Cultural Variability in Territory of Home o Territorial Behaviour o Territory of Elderly Men in San Diego o Defence Methods  Posture  Gestures  Position  Models of Types of Territory o Microterritory – micro-space (personal space) o Mesoterritory – mesospace, home territory o Macroterritory – macrospace, home range, secondary territory  P.D Roos, David Stea, Stanford M. Lyman and Marvin B.Scott o Three Models of Territory o Interactional Territory and Traffic Flow  Homes as Territory  At-Homeness - Home as Affect  Neighbourhoods o Neighbourhood Typologies  Blowers five part classification  Abritrary, Physical, Homogeneous, Functional, and Community  Lee three type of neighbourhoods  Social acquaintance, homogeneous neighborhood, unit ne
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